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China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 09/23 -10/11

Zhangzhou Units 1&2 Pour First Concrete

CNNP released a statement last Friday announcing that Zhangzhou Units 1&2, the two HPR1000 newbuilds, received greenlight from the National Nuclear Safety Administration to pour their first barrel of concrete on October 9th. The project’s approval status was publicly reconfirmed back in January this year, with the planned FCD originally scheduled for June 30th. This milestone for the Zhangzhou project marks only the second NPP project, after the 2017 FCD of the demonstration fast reactor at Xiapu, to pour concrete in more than three years and the only Gen III reactor begins construction after 2016. Worth noting is the fact that the HPR1000 demonstration projects at Fuqing units 5&6, are still under commissioning and not yet operational. This ‘fast-tracking’ of additional HPR1000 builds at Zhangzhou before the demonstration plan is complete is likely considered and justified as a new design demonstration project, since the Zhangzhou HPRs will be the first to fully integrate designs from the separate CNNC and CGN versions.  


China’s First Zero Power Lead-bismuth Eutectic Reactor Reaches Criticality

Qimingxing III (启明星III号), China’s first zero power lead-bismuth eutectic reactor, reached criticality on the morning of October 9th, 2019. This milestone means that the Gen IV fast neutron experimental reactor will now enters the next phase of engineering studies. The Pb-Bi reactor is a Gen IV reactor type, which has higher inherent safety, higher intensity of energy, and longer design life.  


Progress of Tianwan Units 5&6

Unit 5 – On September 6th, Unit 5’s diesel generator was initiated at the DA plant hall.  Measured performance indicators passed relevant requirements. On September 27th, all of Unit 5’s electrical testing was completed and testing results were reported as satisfactory.

Unit 6 – first RPV was installed on September 2nd; moisture separator reheaters for the conventional island were installed on September 4th; primary piping wielding was finished on the 24th and was tested to be 100% qualified; DCS system finished commissioning on 26th.


Fuel Assemblies Successfully Localized and Batch Production Realized

Four sets of CF3 fuel assemblies were loaded into Unit 4 of Qinshan Phase II on September 20th, following the 8 bundles already supplied to Fangjiashan Unit 2 earlier this year. 8 extras are to be supplied to Unit 1 of Qinshan Phase II power plant later this year. The CNNC-developed fuel assemblies are compatible with various reactor types designed by the company, including HPR1000, ACP100 (Linglong One), and the Yanlong low-temperature heating reactor.


CNNC Wins ITER-TAC1 Contract

CNNC has won a consortium contract for the ITER-TAC1 project, with the agreement signing ceremony held on September 30th. By signing the contract, a CNPE Consortium (China Nuclear Power Engineering; China Nuclear Industry 23 Construction Company Ltd.; Southwestern Institute of Physics; Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences ASIPP; and Framatome) will be responsible for the TAC 1 Tokamak machine assembly. It is the largest nuclear energy project contract that a Chinese company has ever won in the European market, according to CNNC.  


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 09/16 -09/20

Fuel Assemblies Delivered for HPR1000 Demonstration Project

Fuel assemblies for the world’s first HPR1000 unit, Fuqing Unit 5, was delivered to the NPP’s site in Fujian Province on September 17th. The fuel assemblies was shipped one week ago from Yibin city of Sichuan Province and the delivery marks another milestone on key Gen III nuclear technology localization.


Hainan Province: No More Coal Power Plants and Nuclear Will Be Primary Source of Electric Power

Hainan Province Development and Reform Commission has recently published the Market Access Control and Prohibition Restriction Catalogue (2019 version), prohibiting the development of industries with high energy consumption, high level of pollution and carbon emission, as well as low-tech manufacturing enterprises. Specific roadmap and principle are also laid out for the energy sector: nuclear will become the primary source of electric power of the island, gas power will be mainly used for peaking management and coal power plants will no longer be built. Existing coal power plants will be retrofitted to lower their emission level to that of gas power plants.


China University of Nuclear Technology Begins Construction in Tianjin

Construction of the China University of Nuclear Technology campus began on September 10th. The campus is located in Binhai New District of Tianjin, a coastal area in the eastern part of the city. The project is based on a MOU signed between CNNC and the municipal government of Tianjin in June 2018, which agreed on joint efforts to develop a central higher education base for Chinese civil nuclear industry while serving the purposes of international academic exchange, R&D of new technologies, etc.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 09/09 -09/13

HPR1000 Demonstration Project’s Fuel Assemblies Shipped from Sichuan Province

Fuel assemblies for Fuqing Unit 5, CNNC’s HPR1000 demonstration project, passed pre-shipping inspection and was shipped out from the factory on September 10th. CNNC Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel Element Company (formerly Yibin Nuclear Fuel Element Factory) began the production of fuel elements for Fuqing Unit 5 in November 2018 and completed the task this past August. The HPR1000 reactor design requires 177 fuel rods and needs to refuel every 18 months. Representatives from CNNC leadership, Chinese Academy of Engineering, State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense, and municipal leaders of Yibin City witnessed the cargo shipment together on site.


MEE’s Department Director-Generals Give Interpretation of China’s Nuclear Safety White Paper

Three department chiefs of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), Mr. Han Wenping, Deputy Director-General of Department of Nuclear Facility Safety Regulation, Mr. Zhou Shirong, Inspector of Department of Nuclear Power Safety Regulation, and Mr. Kang Yufeng, Deputy Director-General of Department of Radiation Source Safety Regulation, received an online interview with, China’s state-run news portal recently. In the interview they gave an official introduction and interpretation of the Nuclear Safety whitepaper published on September 9th. The white paper, titled China’s Nuclear Safety, is the first document of its kinds to be published by the Chinese government on such a topic. It introduces the history, principles, policies of the development of China’s nuclear safety industry, as well as confirms Chinese government’s commitment to advance global regulation of nuclear safety. According to the whitepaper, China has always held nuclear safety as a national responsibility and will always take it as a prerequisite for developing the nuclear industry. Mr. Kang introduced the status quo of spent fuel handling in China and explained some existing issues and concerns:

“Our nation employs a closed cycle policy for nuclear fuel’s back-end handling, wherein spent fuel reprocessing is the key. In terms of deposition sites of low/medium level radioactive solid wastes, the MEE and other authorities are actively advancing relevant work. At this point, China has built two repository sites for low/medium level radioactive solid wastes and they are currently operating, accepting solid wastes generated by the nuclear industry. in terms of high-end radioactive waste repository sites, we’ve been working on the study of geological disposal since the 1980s and we’ve conducted extensive site surveys. At the moment, an underground laboratory project for high radioactive level waste disposal is under review. Once the construction of the laboratory is completed, further studies and works will be carried out.”


EMP Diesel Generator for K2, Pakistan’s HPR1000, Passes Test Operation  

On the afternoon of September 9th (local time), the EMP diesel generator at Karachi Unit 2 (K2) began operation for the first time and its performance met all relevant requirements. The successful operation marks the completion of the installation work at K2’s diesel generator hall and paves the way for subsequent work, i.e. commissioning of RCP and hydraulic testing for the primary coolant system.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 09/02 -09/08

Haiyang Nuclear Power Units Meets WANO Chemistry Performance Indicator

On August 18, measurements taken by Shandong Nuclear Operations Co. engineers indicated that Haiyang NPP Unit 2 had met parameters established for achieving WANO chemical performance indicators. With Unit 1 having achieved this same bench mark earlier this year, both units have achieved this benchmark. According to WANO, the chemistry performance indicator provides an indication of progress in controlling chemical parameters to retard deterioration of key plant materials and components. These parameters are to be maintained within strict guidance developed by the industry.

First Main Transformer of K3 HPR Installed

At 5 p.m. local time on August 27, Jiangsu 3rd Energy Construction Co. (subsidiary of China Energy Engineering & Construction Group) installed the first main transformer of K3, the third unit of Karachi Nuclear Power Station. On the same day, two high voltage transformers were successfully hoisted and installed in place.

Tianwan Nuclear Power Units 3&4 Refueling Cycle Extended

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) recently issued an announcement approving an extension of the standard refueling schedule for Tianwan NPP Units 3 and 4. A new fuel management plan will be implemented intending to improve the core fuel cycle from one refueling per year to one refueling every 18 months. Tianwan units 3 & 4 are both VVER-1000/B-428 1126MWe PWR nuclear power units.

Huaneng and China Ship Building Sign Cooperation Agreement

On September 3, China Huaneng Group Co., Ltd. and China Shipbuilding Industry Group Co., Ltd. signed a strategic cooperation agreement at the Huaneng group headquarters. According to the agreement, the two sides will focus on strategic and mutually beneficial cooperation in offshore nuclear power, as well as other areas of advanced energy technology and applications including wind power, smart microgrid technology, distributed energy technology, and integrated energy services.

Taishan Nuclear Power Unit 2 Enters Commercial Operations Phase

At 17:15 on September 7, Beijing time, Guangdong Taishan Nuclear Power Unit 2 successfully completed 168 hours of demonstration operation, fulfilling the required conditions for officially beginning commercial operations. This is the second EPR unit put into commercial operation in the world after Taishan Nuclear Power Unit 1.

NNSA Publishes Nuclear Safety White Paper

On Tuesday, September 3, 2019, the Information Office of the State Council issued a “White Paper on China's Nuclear Safety” and held a press conference at 10 a.m. in the press release Hall of the Information Office of the State Council on the same day. Mr. Liu Hua, Director of the National Nuclear Safety Administration, Mr. Guo Chengzhan, Deputy Director of the State Nuclear Safety Administration, and Xia Yanchun, spokesperson of the Information Office of the State Council, were invited to present and provide commentary on the whitepaper and address questions from journalists in attendance.

National Nuclear Safety Administration: New Build FCDs Fast Approaching

On September 3, Mr. Liu Hua, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Director of the National Nuclear Safety Agency, in response to questions from reporters, confirmed that the nuclear new builds approved by the State Council in early 2019 are currently actively preparing for official construction. He further stated that, in the coming months, Zhangzhou NPP in Fujian Province and Taipingling NPP in Guangdong Province will be approved for FCD upon completing the final safety review currently underway.

Fuqing Nuclear Power Station in Fujian Province Reaches 100 billion kWh in Power Generation

Fujian Fuqing Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. reported on Wednesday that as of September 1, the cumulative commercially generated power of Units 1-4 of Fuqing Nuclear Power Station had exceeded 100 billion kWh. Compared to fossil energy of the same scale, it is equivalent to reducing China’s coal consumption by 30.9 million tons, carbon dioxide emissions by 80.8 million tons, and deforestation by 225,000 hectares.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 08/26 -09/01

World’s First AP1000 Unit Approved for First Refueling

According to an announcement from China Nuclear North Nuclear Fuel Components Co., Ltd., China’s AP1000 at Sanmen unit 1 is ready for its first refueling, with the preparation of its 64 fuel assemblies now underway at domestic production facilities. From its establishment to today’s formal fuel production, the AP1000 nuclear fuel assembly line has been in operation for 11 years.

Production of Sanmen Unit 1’s first refueling load was completed in December 2016, was formally accepted on site without issue in April 2019, and was introduced into containment finally 2 months later. This first fuel change will employ domestically designed storage in shipping the spent fuel; however, issues were discovered with the casks on site, upon which all involved stakeholders conducted various tests to identify the issue and its root cause, and developed a corresponding resolution plan. Through over two months of repair and qualification testing, a simulated shipment test was successfully conducted, clearing the refueling process for continuation.

Ministry of Ecology and Environment: Changjiang NPP Approved to Extend Refueling Period to 18 Months

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment recently issued an announcement approving the environmental impact assessment documents for construction projects to begin on August 22, 2019 on Units 1 and 2 of Hainan Changjiang Nuclear Power Plant. The project is intended to improve the core fuel management strategy, allowing for an additional 6 months between refueling – thus extending the refueling period from 12 months to 18 months.

China’s First Domestic Nuclear Heating Project to be Completed by the End of the Year, with Batch Deployments to Follow

"According to the project plan, Haiyang Nuclear Power will be able to provide 700,000 square meters of heat to the surrounding areas beginning in December this year, and meet the heating demand in Haiyang City in 2021, so as to expand the application of nuclear energy." Zheng Mingguang, chief designer of State Power Investment Corporation’s CAP1400, introduced to reporters at a recent conference organized by SASAC of the State Council.

Commencement of the Haiyang Heating Project at the end of this year represents an important milestone in SPIC’s industrial development strategy. As early as July 5, last year, SPIC established a nuclear heating industry alliance in Harbin, thereby consolidating state owned resources and domestic production capacity towards developing safe and efficient nuclear heating technology for the first market application case in China.

Ningde Unit 1 Experiences Level 1 Operational Incident

On July 8, 2019, Fujian Ningde Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. notified the NNSA of a class 1 operation incident at Unit 1 of Ningde NPP. Although the incident had no actual nuclear safety consequences, similar problems may exist in other power plants and can be avoided through research and root cause analysis. From July 9 to 12, NNSA experts convened at Ningde NPP to conduct an independent investigation and evaluation of the incident.

According to the investigation, the cause of this incident is simultaneous failure of the Plant Water System (SEC) pump motor insulator and power supply switch fuse. Because the incident has a common cause failure with another abnormal occurrence of Unit 1 on the same night, the power plant has declared the event to be a Level 1 Operational Incident in accordance with standard international nuclear classification of nuclear events.

 In addition, as this incident involves material and component failure of motorized equipment of a single batch, the resolution and deposition process of the incident will be more complex. Close attention will be paid to the manufacture and maintenance of related equipment and the operation of other NPPs equipment from the same batch.

Fuqing Unit 6’s All Heavy Equipment Installation in Place

On August 27, Fuqing Unit 6s pressurizer was installed on its vertical supports, with installation and welding of flex piping starting thereafter. This installation milestone marks complete installation of all heavy equipment inside the nuclear island of China’s first HPR1000.

Quality Assurance Manual for Zhangzhou Phase 1 Approved

Recently, the State Nuclear Safety Administration issued a circular on approval of the Quality Assurance Manual, applicable to the Design and Construction Stages of the plant (not operations) for Units 1 and 2 of Zhangzhou NPP Nuclear Power Plant in Fujian Province.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 08/17 -08/26

Tianwan Unit 5’s First Residual Heat Removal Cooler Installed

On August 1st, Tianwan Unit 5’s first emergency residual heat removal cooler was successfully installed. The equipment, developed by Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC), is a key part of the passive residual heat removal system. Subsequent work will be the installation of other primary equipment of the system. Tianwan Units 5&6 are China’s only Gen II+ units which are equipped with a passive residual heat removal system. Application of the system is an important milestone in China’s localization of advanced Gen III technology.


Reactor Internals of China’s Last M310 Unit Delivered

The upper and lower assembly of Tianwan Unit 6’s rector internals were shipped to site last week. It marks that the delivery of China’s last M310 reactor internals was completed. NPIC has developed ten sets of large equipment, including two sets of reactor pressure vessel, six steam generators, and two sets of reactor internals, for Tianwan Units 5&6 and all of them have been shipped to site by sea freight since July 2018.


Fuqing Unit 6’s Pressurizer Cleared for Delivery

On August 14th, Fuqing Unit 6’s pressurizer, designed by NPIC, procured by CNPE, and manufactured by Dongfang Electric, passed the pre-shipping inspection. Manufacturing of the pressurizer took more than 5 years and the result of the pre-shipping inspection marks a great success for all stakeholders. At this point, pressurizers for all four HPR1000 demonstration projects in China and Pakistan have been produced. It’s a vital breakthrough in localization of key nuclear equipment and paves the way for the HPR1000 reactor design to “go out”.


CGN’s A-share Stock Price Surges 44% on Its First Trading Day

August 26th was the first trading day after CGN’s initial public offering was initiated at the end of July. Its stock price went up by 44.18% on the same day, with a market value of 181.3 billion RMB. On the evening of August 21st, CGNPC released its half-year report, revealing that the revenue from January to June 2019 was 26.523 billion RMB, a 15.3% increase than last year, and the 5.023 billion yuan’s worth of net profit also grew 10%. The main reason behind is that Yangjiang Unit 5 and Taishan Unit 1 began commercial operation since July and December 2017, respectively, and thus increase CGNPC’s power sales revenue by 10.1%. The company also states that Taishan Unit 2, the other EPR demonstration unit, will begin commercial operation by end of the year. While CGN’s A-share stock price seems unaffected by the fact of being added to the Entity List, CGNPC’s H-share price dropped 3.20%, however, on the same day.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 08/12 -08/16

CGN Added to the U.S. Entity List

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), a subsidiary agency ensuring export control under the U.S. Department of Commerce, ruled on August 14th to add CGN Power Group and its three subsidiaries to the Entity List. The decision was published on the Federal Register the same day. The four companies are: China General Nuclear Power Corporation (CGNPC), China General Nuclear Power Group, China Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute Co. Ltd., and Suzhou Nuclear Power Research Institute Co. Ltd. According to BIS, the reason behind is that the “four Chinese entities have engaged in or enabled efforts to acquire advanced U.S. nuclear technology and material for diversion to military use in China,” the same charge DOE used in last October to place any technology transfers to CGN under the 10 CFR Part 810 Export Control. The rule is an escalation of U.S. restrictions on U.S. enterprises’ business interactions with CGN. The Chinese civil nuclear SOE responded soon with a statement that “the impact is under control”. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs also called the decision a misuse of export controls. “China resolutely opposes the U.S. side harming the interests of China and the world through unilateralist and protectionist policies,” said Ms. Hua Chunying, a spokeswoman from MoFA on last Thursday.

Two days earlier, CGNPC had its IPO at Shenzhen Stock Exchange on August 12th and sold out 2.525 billion shares in the A share market.


Tianwan Unit 5 Completes Hydraulic Testing for Secondary Coolant System

On the evening of August 8th, the hydraulic testing for Tianwan Unit 5’s secondary coolant system was completed successfully. This marks the completion of the installation phase for its CI primary piping. The milestone achieved paves the way for subsequent work like cold testing.


Construction of China’s First Medium-sized Tokamak Completed

“Xuanlong-50,” China’s first medium-sized ball-shape tokamak finished construction and achieved first plasma on August 8th in Langfang, Hebei Province.  

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 08/05 -08/09

Taishan Unit 2 Projected to Begin Commercial Operation by End of This Year

Taishan Unit 2 is projected to begin commercial operation in the second half of this year, said Huang Xiaoping, spokesperson of Taishan Nuclear Power JV Company, in a press conference on August 7th. Globally, Taishan Unit 2 is the forth EPR unit to have begun construction, following Taishan Unit 1, and will become the world’s second operational nuclear power reactor of its kind if construction continues as currently scheduled. It was connected to the external transmission grid on June 23rd.


Russian-made VVER Fuel Fabrication Equipment Delivered to Sichuan Province

TVEL JSC, a Rosatom subsidiary engaged in the manufacture of nuclear fuel devices, has supplied a batch of VVER fuel fabrication equipment to CNNC’s Yibin fuel production plant in Sichuan Province. The equipment will be used to modernize the shop-floor for local production of the Russian-designed fuel assemblies to be used in local VVER-1000 reactors, four units of which are operational at Tianwan NPP. Delivery of the equipment is “the first time in history, [TVEL JSC] helped to commence fabrication of Russian design nuclear fuel abroad and [the company] still provide[s] technological support of this facility at the most advanced level,” commented Oleg Grigoriyev, Senior Vice President for Commerce and International Business at TVEL JSC.


Tianwan Unit 5 Completes First RCP Motor’s Unloaded Trail Run

By 6:09 PM of August 3rd, Tianwan Unit 5’s RCP motor had steadily operated for four hours, with all parameters meeting design requirements. The level of performance achieved means a success of the unloaded trail run. The RCP motor was installed into the containment building on July 15th and it took 20 days for field technicians and engineers to complete the trail run, paving a solid foundation for subsequent work.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - April - July

SEC-KSB Finishes Verification Tests for CAP1400’s Prototype Wet Winding Motor RCP

On July 15th, Shanghai Electric-KSB Nuclear Pumps & Valves Company finished all of its verification and dedication tests for the CAP1400’s prototype wet winding motor RCP. Test results indicated that its performance meets all design requirements and the follow-up strip inspection also proved the tests to be successful. The expert review panel officially concluded that the protype product passes the verification examination on July 31st under observation from regulatory authorities. The success marks a very important milestone for the Chinese industry since the R&D process began 8 years ago and also breaks the ‘bottleneck’ of primary equipment supply to the CAP1400 project.


Progress of HPR1000 Demo Project

July 14th witnessed a primary milestone reached by CNNC’s HPR1000 demonstration project. Concrete pouring for Fuqing Unit 5’s outer shell dome was completed, which makes its full height 73.98 meters. It paves the way for hot tests and fuel-loading in the near future.

On June 24th, Fuqing Unit 6 finished primary pipe wielding. The process lasted 162 days, making it 41 days shorter than that of Unit 5.


Yangjiang Unit 6 Begins Commercial Operation

CGN Power released a statement on July 24th, announcing that Yangjiang Unit 6 had completed all required tests and began commercial operation on the same day. The power unit uses an indigenously-developed nuclear power digital control system (DCS), FirmSys, which has its first application at Yangjiang Unit 5. Yangjiang NPP now has six operational units following the milestone.  


Taishan Unit 2 Connected to External Transmission Grid

On June 26th, Taishan Unit 2, the world’s second EPR unit, was connected to the external transmission grid and began generating power. Taishan Unit 2 had its FCD in 2010 and was the fourth EPR unit being constructed in the world. Following the commercial operation of Taishan Unit 1 in last December, grid connection of Unit 2 marks one of the final steps of the completion of the first phase of the project.


NEA: Rongcheng, Zhangzhou, & Taipingling NPP Projects Permitted 

A NEA press conference on July 25th provided insights into the status of China’s planned nuclear newbuilds. Mr. Li Fulong, Chief of NEA’s Development and Planning Department told the press that three NPP projects, namely Rongcheng NPP in Shangdong Province, Zhangzhou NPP in Fujian, and Taipingling in Guangdong, had received project approval towards the end of June. Despite a planned FCD on July 30th for Zhangzhou project released earlier this year, their official FCDs will not be released until the NNSA completes its final inspection required for the construction license. These new project approvals are the first ones in three years, since the last NPP project received approval in 2015. The four approved new builds in Zhangzhou & Taipingling will also be the first time to build an integrated version of CNNC’s and CGN’s respective HPR1000 design.


CNNC Initiates SMR Project in Hainan

China’s first SMR project is underway in Hainan, as announced by CNNC during a contract signing ceremony on July 18th. The Linglong One (玲龙一号) project will feature a single SMR unit with a 125 MW power capacity, utilizing the ACP100 integrated pressurized water design, and will be built at Changjiang NPP in Hainan Province.


CGN Power to Raise CNY 15 Billion in A-share IPO

CGN Power plans to raise CNY 15 billion through an IPO on the A-share market. The company, approved for its listing, will issue no more than 5.049 billion shares on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange. 3 billion of the raised money, according to its prospectus, will be used on Yangjiang Units 5&6 and another 8 billion will be allocated to Fangchenggang Units 3&4, with the rest going towards increasing liquid capital The new shares will be available for purchase, both online and offline, on August 12th.


Radiation Safety Committee Established under China Isotope & Radiation Association

On July 9th, China Isotope & Radiation Association (CIRA) held a conference in Beijing, celebrating the establishment of the Radiation Safety Committee. The committee will assemble experts from relevant companies and organizations, involving the design, application, monitoring, and assessment of nuclear technology, and therefore build up a platform for scientific and industrial studies of radiation safety. It was also announced that Mr. Cheng Li, Deputy Chief Engineer of Nuclear & Radiation Safety Center, is to serve as Director of the Committee. Seven committee members were also elected during the conference.


Qinghai Province Releases Timetable for Nuclear Energy Deployment

Qinghai Province has recently released a notice on its plan on nuclear energy development. According to the notice, a nuclear heating demonstration project will be constructed from 2022 to 2024 with a total investment of CNY 4 billion and a nuclear power plant is scheduled to be built during 2022-2027, with a total investment of CNY 34 billion.


Gansu TMSR’s EIA Report Reviewed by MEE

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) received the environmental impact assessment report of the 2MWt liquid fuel thorium molten salt experimental reactor (TMSR-LF1) project on May 24th.  The TMSR-LF1 is part of the TMSR project located at Hongshagang Industrial Concentration Zone of Minqin County, Gansu Province. A 10MWt solid fuel TMSR (TMSR-SF1) will also be built in the long term, according to the report. TMSR-LF1 began site construction in 2018 and is planned to reach first criticality in 2020.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 04/15 -04/19

SPIC’s Nuclear Heating Demonstration Project Passes Initial Feasibility Examination

The initial feasibility examination for SPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project in Baishan City of Jilin Province was conducted during April 15 – 17.  The expert panel found the Initial Feasibility Report acceptable, moving the project ahead into the phase of feasibility research. The demonstration project is developed by Jilin Nuclear Power Company, a subsidiary of SPIC, and the initial feasibility research was initiated since October 2018.


Primary Helium Fan of World’s First HTGR Delivered

On April 16th, the primary helium fan of the world’s first HTGR passes the delivery inspection at Shidaowan, Shandong Province, the site of the Gen IV reactor. Harbin Electric successfully developed the fan with proprietary property rights and its subsidiary Jiamusi Electric Motor Company manufactured the equipment set. The primary equipment of a Gen IV nuclear demonstration project is an equivalent of the RCP in a pressurized-water reactor, transferring the heat away from the reactor core.


Fuqing Unit 5 Ready for Cold Commissioning

Field engineers and technicians finished all the pre-commissioning installation on the midnight of April 20th – pretightening of primary bolts, installation of reactor internals and flow-induced vibration (FIV) sensors, as well as the RPV capping. Completion of the reactor’s installation phase is the last milestone before cold commissioning.


Yangjiang Unit 6 Passes Comprehensive Examination Before Issuing of Operation Permit

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has recently released the Comprehensive Examination Report of Yangjiang Unit 6’s prior to issuing its operations permit. According to the report, the NNSA inspected Yangjiang Nuclear Power Company, owner of the nuclear unit, from April 1st – 4th and found that all the nuclear safety-related activities are under control. Yangjiang Unit 6 finished loaded commissioning on February 23rd and it’s expected to begin commercial operation in the second half of this year.  



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 04/06 -04/12

Progress of HPR1000 Demonstration Project

Third Motor of Fuqing Unit 5’s RCP Finishes Coasting Test – On the evening of April 8th, no-load commissioning of all three RCP motors finished as the third motor completed its coasting test. The tasks were accomplished ahead of schedule, which lays a solid foundation for cold testing.

Commissioning Program Permitted by NNSA – The NNSA recently released a notice, stating Fuqing NPP’s application for review of its commissioning program for of Fuqing Units 5&6 was received. The NNSA has found the commissioning program to be acceptable, thus approving the application. The NPP must adhere strictly to the program during commissioning and report to the NNSA and the Eastern Regional Office of Nuclear and Radiation Safety Inspection Center if any major abnormity.


NNSA Issues Operation Permits for Taishan Units 1&2

The NNSA issued operation permits for Taishan Units 1&2, allowing forty years of operation of the two EPR units. In addition to regular terms and clauses, the Permits specifically indicate that Taishan Nuclear JV is obligated to develop an effective online inspection method for the RPV heads ASAP and submit it for NNSA’s review. Should the NPP operator fail to develop such method, or an unfavorable result is shown from future inspection, the RPV heads would not be allowed to operate after the end of April 2025. The special requirement is a response to the unsolved issue of carbon content in the RPV heads exceeding the standard amount.


Cooperative Development Agreement Signed in Baotou City for Nuclear Heating Project

Last month, the Cooperative Development Agreement on Nuclear Heating Project and Application of Nuclear Technology in Baotou City was signed between the Administration Committee of Baotou Equipment Manufacturing Industry Park and Qidi Xinhe (Beijing) Energy Technology Company. The developer also signed a procurement MOU with CNNC Northern Nuclear Fuel Element Company for future supply of nuclear fuel. According to the framework agreement, the concerned parties will establish a Baotou City Nuclear Heating Project Holding Company to build a pool-style low-temperature reactor in the city to meet the heating demand of the Industry Park and beyond.


Contract Signed for Joint Development of CFR600 Fast Reactor Key Equipment

The China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) has recently signed a contract with Dongfang Electric for joint construction design and equipment procurement of the four major heat exchangers of the DRF600 demonstration fast reactor. The agreement signifies the completion of the development of the heat exchangers and the project is now in the phase of construction designing for the key equipment.

The CFR600 project uses the Gen IV sodium-cooled fast neutron breeding technology and the demo project has been jointly developed by Dongfang Electric and CIAE since 2010. Other than the development of heat exchangers, the equipment manufacturer also holds a supply contract for its steam generator.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 04/01 -04/05

China Nuclear Ramping Up Construction of New Builds

On April 1st, the 2019 Spring International Summit of the China Nuclear Energy Sustainable Development Forum was held in Beijing. “China will keep developing nuclear power while safety is assured, and new projects will begin construction successively this year”, said Mr. Liu Hua, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) and Administrator of the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA), during the summit. Industry insiders believe that eight new builds will secure their approval this year, namely Zhangzhou Units 1&2 and Huizhou/Taipingling Units 1&2 (using the reactor design of HPR1000), as well as two VVERs at Xudapu NPP and two more at Tianwan NPP. Some are also looking for the CAP1400 demonstration project to have its FCD announced in the near future. The four HPR1000 new builds already had their FCDs announced in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports from the MEE, which will be officially confirmed after the NNSA grants their Permits of Construction.

The nuclear units under construction are also progressing well, according to Mr. Yu Jianfeng, Director of the China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA) and President of CNNC. The four CNNC HPR1000 units under construction, namely Fuqing Units 5&6, together with K2 and K3 in Pakistan, will begin operation on schedule or ahead of schedule. Yu also said that the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) demonstration project in Shidaowan, Rongcheng City, Shandong Province, is currently undergoing the last few steps of commissioning and will begin operation in the early half of next year.


Taishan Unit 2 Reaching First Fuel-loading Soon

According to Mr. Liu Haijun, Vice GM of Taishan Nuclear Joint Venture Company, Taishan Unit 2, the second EPR unit in China, will load its fuel for the first time this month. The unit is projected to begin operation this summer.


Installation of ST Begins at Fuqing Unit 6

On the evening of April 1st, the bearing housing of Fuqing Unit 6’s steam turbine was successfully installed. The milestone accomplished means that the conventional island’s installation phase is now in full swing and paves the way for installation of the turbine itself.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/25 -03/29

Progress on HPR1000 Units

CNNC has confirmed recently that the control rod drive mechanisms (CRDM) have been delivered for Fuqing Unit 6 and Karachi Unit 3. At the moment, all four of CNNC’s under construction HPR1000 units, namely Fuqing Units 5&6, Karachi Units 2&3, have their CRDMs prepared.

Following the successful attachment of the upper half of the CI turbine’s medium-high pressure cylinder on March 11th, the low-pressure cylinder underwent the same process and had its upper half buckled last Tuesday. The milestone reached on March 26th means that all three cylinders of the CI turbine are now well installed at Fuqing Unit 5.  

Five days later, on March 31st, power backfeed was successfully achieved through Fuqing Unit 5’s primary transformer. The milestone secures the power source for the incoming commissioning and subsequent work.


China and France Committed to Continue Cooperation in Alternative Energy

During Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to France from March 24-26th, a series of deals were signed on strategic industries, including civil nuclear projects. On March 25th, a cooperation agreement was signed between the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA). The agreement is a 13th edition renewal of the cooperative agreement initiated more than 30 years ago. On the following day, a MOU was signed by CGN and EDF to further their cooperation on multiples areas, including solar and offshore wind projects.

In addition to the deals signed, French President Macron specifically mentioned the project to build China’s first reprocessing plant. According to Macron, “the dynamic” of the reprocessing project had been accelerated.


On-Grid Tariffs for Imported Gen III Units Released

The NDRC released its Notice on Tentative On-Grid Tariff of the First Batch of Gen III Nuclear Projects earlier today. The commission has decided that the on-grid tariffs (tax included) for Taishan Phase I, Sanmen Phase I, and Haiyang Phase I are CNY 0.4350 per kWh, CNY 0.4203 per kWh, and CNY 0.4151 per kWh. The tentative prices will expire at the end of 2021. The notice refers back to its 2013 rule of the benchmark on-grid tariff for Gen II nuclear power plants, which was set at CNY 0.43 per kWh, and the principle of supporting Gen III demonstration projects by allowing flexibility for higher prices. The released tentative prices, according to the Notice, also reflects the willingness to subsidize the demonstration projects of respective provincial government.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/18 -03/22

HPR1000 New Builds Approved to be Built at Taipingling NPP in June

On March 18th, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment published the results of the Environmental Impact Assessment for the Taipingling Phase I NPP, which will feature 2 HPR1000 units. According to the report, Taipingling Unit 1 is planned to have its FCD in June 2019, with Unit 2’s FCD following ten months later. Following the two HPR1000 new builds approved for Zhangzhou Units 1&2 last month, these are the third and fourth nuclear new builds to receive approval for 2019. The total investment for Taipingling is about CNY 41.2 billion, approximately the same as that of Zhangzhou’s.

Four CNNC Nuclear Units Achieve Perfect Score for 2018 Performance

WANO has recently released their annual operation performance scores for nuclear power units around the world in 2018. Four CNNC units, namely Units 1&2 at Fangjiashan NPP (Qinshan Phase II Extension Project), Unit 4 at Qinshan Second NPP, and Tianwan Unit 2, were assigned a score of 100 and a first-place ranking.

Changjiang SMR Demonstration Project Planned to Begin Construction in December

CNNC has recently published a Second Notice on the Environmental Impact Assessment of Changjiang SMR Demonstration Project. The publication notes that the project will feature an ACP100 unit and its auxiliary facilities. The planned capacity for the unit is 125 MWe with thermal output power at 385 MWt. The SMR project is scheduled to have its FCD on December 31st, 2019 but the official date is still subject to the MEE’s approval. CNNC also projects that the project will take 65 months to build and the expected date for commercial operation is May 31st, 2025. One of the key objectives of the project is to explore the integrated utilization of nuclear power for electricity, heating, and air conditioning applications.

Self-developed Fuel Assembly Passes Post-Test Inspection

The CF3 fuel assembly, CNNC’s self-developed nuclear fuel, has recently completed irradiation testing at Unit 2 of Qinshan Phase II. The post-test examination shows that the fuel assembly performed well and meets the requirements to supply Gen III nuclear power units. This achievement paves a solid foundation for China’s own Gen III reactor design, HPR1000, to “go out”, as well as the international ambitions of China’s nuclear fuel industry.

Ex-core Nuclear Instrumentation Detectors for HPR1000 Successfully Developed

The locally developed ex-core nuclear instrumentation system for Fuqing Unit 5, the world’s first HPR1000 project, has recently passed receipt inspection. It is the first time for CNNC to deliver this technology based on fully proprietary intellectual property. It is another milestone on the path of localization of key Gen III civil nuclear technologies.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/11 -03/16

Reactor Pressure Vessel Installed at Tianwan Unit 6

On March 14th, Tianwan Unit 6’s reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was successfully installed. This milestone achieved paves the way for subsequent work of the installation stage, for example, primary piping welding and installation of reactor internals. The RPV has a net weight of 257 tons and a height of 10 meters. The installation process was witnessed by representatives from Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company, NPIC, CNPE, and CNNC Consulting Corporation. Northern China Regional Office of the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center inspected the whole process on site. At this time, Tianwan Phase III Project is progressing well. The primary piping wielding has been completed for Unit 5 and it’s projected to begin commercial operation by the end of 2021.

High-Pressure Steam Turbine for World’s First Hualong One Reactor Installed

After working for 12 hours through the night, the 130-ton upper half of the high-pressure cylinder was finally buckled into place at 7:10am on March 11 at Fuqing Unit 5, the site of the world’s first Hualong One reactor.  This milestone paves the way for subsequent work such as installation of the steam turbine barring and hot testing.

The conventional island of the Fuqing 5 reactor includes an impulse condenser-style half-speed turbine with a single shaft, three cylinders (two low pressure, one medium-high pressure, and quadruple steam exhausts. Over one hundred subcomponents were reinstalled, tested, and calibrated during the 7-day installation, and all required parameters were met.

Ling’ao Unit 4 Completes Outage and Reconnects to the Grid

At 9:41pm on March, Ling’ao NPP Unit 4 completed its 7th outage and was reconnected to the grid. The outage work was undertaken by the Northeast No.1 Electric Power Construction, a subsidiary of the China Energy Engineering Group (CEEC).

This outage was different from previous outages. The SAP system has been overhauled to use the AS FOUND functional module. Automated management of the work was implemented, while working through the holiday of the Chinese New Year. The staff of Northeast No.1 Electric Power Construction completed the work with zero incidents and zero violations, completing the safety management objectives and making this a very good outage, with all indicators controlled.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 03/04 - 03/09

NPIC Signs Contract for Nuclear Heating Demonstration Project in Jilin Province

On February 27th, a contract signing ceremony was held forNPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project was held in Baishan city, Jilin Province. The demonstration project will meet the local heating demand for an area over 80 million square meters. Mr. Wei Suo, GM of NPIC, said that the demonstration project is an important step in the implementation of  NPIC’s strategy to transform from “nuclear electricity generator” to a “nuclear energy generator”; as well as to implement the central government’s mandate to develop clean heating systems in Northern China. The ceremony was attended by NPIC executives, provincial leaders of Jilin Province and municipal leaders of Baishan city.

Installation of CI’s Electrical System Progressing Well at K2

On March 3rd, Jiangsu No.3 Electric Power Construction Company, a CEEC subsidiary, began installing the main transformer and the 500 kV gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) at K2’s conventional island. At the moment, the installation of the CI’s electrical systems is progressing well at K2 and the project is scheduled to be completed on July 30th, 2019.


China Nuclear Advocates at Two Sessions: Appeal for More FCD Approvals for HPR1000 New Builds, Resuming Inland Projects, and Others

In early March, the Chinese government held its most important two meetings of the year: the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress (CPPCC) and the National People’s Congress (NPC), also known as the Two Sessions. Advocates and representatives from the nuclear industry attended the meetings and submitted their policy recommendations on relevant issues and topics. On March 8th, 8 CNNC attendants shared their appeals at a press conference. Mr. Liu Wei, GM of CNPC, suggested that China should start building 8 nuclear new builds each year before 2030, so that the whole industry would develop in a sustainable and profitable way. Fuqing Unit 5, CNNC’s demo project of the self-designed HPR1000 unit, is progressing well and is scheduled to start cold testing in April. Liu said that the market is mature and ready to break ground on additional HPR1000 units, thus calling for faster approval of more FCDs. Other CNNC representatives and executives also shared their policy recommendations and opinion on issues including resuming inland projects, promoting medical appliances of nuclear technology, and support for the local nuclear industry “Going out” to international markets.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/23 - 03/03

Secondary Coolant System Cleaning Completed at Fuqing Unit 5

Cleaning of Fuqing Unit 5’s secondary coolant system (secondary circuit) was completed on Saturday evening, March 3rd, 2019. The cleaning involves an open-circuit flushing phase and a closed-circuit flushing phase, both aiming to clean the secondary coolant water pipes in the conventional and nuclear islands. Field engineers and technicians spent three days and two nights on the task. The milestone paves the way for subsequent work like joint hydraulic testing of the secondary coolant system and cold test.


Primary Pipe Wielding Finished at K3, 7 Months Ahead of Schedule

On March 2nd (local time), the primary pipe wielding of Karachi Unit 3, the HPR1000 in Pakistan, was completed seven months ahead of schedule. The wielding is part of the “pre-introduction” method, which means that the primary equipment – RPV, steam generator, and primary pipe – is installed before the attachment of the dome. Given the lessons learned from the same type of work done at K2, the wielding process was able to be shortened by 41 days for K3. At this point, all parts of primary equipment have been installed inside the reactor building.


First Steam Generator and Generator Stator in Place at Tianwan Unit 6

On the morning of February 24th, the generator stator of Tianwan Unit 6 was lifted onto the 8.5m platform inside the conventional island. This secondary milestone was reached 19 days ahead of schedule and lays the foundation for subsequent work of installation.  

On the following day, Unit 6’s first steam generator was delivered to site and hoisted onto the 20m platform inside the reactor building. After the SG was seated on the platform at 6:47 P.M., the installation of Unit 6’s primary equipment was then formally initiated.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/16 - 02/24

First FCD since 2017: Zhangzhou NPP Plans to Begin Construction on June 30th

CNNP released the Notice on Environmental Impacts During Construction Phase of Units 1&2 at Zhangzhou NPP in Fujian Province last Thursday. According to this document, the planned FCD of Unit 1 will be June 30th, 2019 with Unit 2 to begin construction ten months later. The two new builds will start commercial operation, ideally, in June 2024 and April 2025, respectively. Originally designated as AP1000s, the reactor designs were recently permitted to be switched to HPR1000, along with the two approved new builds at Huizhou NPP. The notice also reveals some technical specifications of the new builds: the NSSS has a rated thermal power output of 3190MWt and a normal electrical power output of 1212MWe; the reactors will have a refueling cycle of 18 months and a design life of 60 years. As no FCD took place in the past year, Zhangzhou Unit 1 will be the first new build since the end of 2017, when China’s first Gen IV fast reactor poured its first barrel of concrete in Xiapu, Fujian Province.


WANO Passes Plan to Establish the New Regional Center in Shanghai

On Feb. 21st, 2019 (local time in South Africa), the membership of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) voted to establish a new Branch Office and Support Centre in Shanghai, China. The Shanghai Centre will be the fifth regional center in additional to the original ones in Atlanta, Paris, Moscow, and Tokyo. WANO also has a branch office in London. “WANO’s strategic move will make it easier for WANO to provide its full range of services to operators located in world’s fastest growing region for commercial nuclear power.” said WANO’s press release on the following day.   


Fuqing Unit 6’s Third Steam Generator in Place

On Feb. 19th, 2019, Fuqing Unit 6’s third steam generator was successfully placed inside the containment building and was ready to be installed. The subsequent step following its installation will be welding of the primary piping. This milestone was reached on schedule.


Fuqing Unit 5 Begins Nuclear Circuit Cleaning (NCC)

On the afternoon of Sunday, Feb. 24th, as its accumulator’s isolation valve was turned on, water was flushed into the pressure vessel from the primary pipe and Fuqing Unit 5 entered the stage of nuclear circuit cleaning (NCC). Completion of NCC ensures the structural integrity and tightness of the primary piping, paving the way for subsequent work like hydraulic testing.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/11 - 02/15

Pre-service Inspection Initiated for Tianwan Unit 5

Engineers working at Tianwan Unit 5 have recently begun working on the pre-service inspection as the construction phase reaches completion. The inspection contains 46 categories involving almost 2500 pieces of equipment and components within the unit. The whole process will last one year and is divided into three stages, including the installation stage, cold testing stage, and post-hot testing stage. Unlike other M310-based units, the pre-service inspection for Tianwan Units 5&6 will be conducted by the owner of the project, Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company.


Environmental Impact Assessment for Tianwan Units 7&8 Released

On February 15th, the Lianyungang Municipal Government released the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Tianwan NPP’s Units 7&8, part of their Feasibility Study and a milestone of the pre-construction stage. The two VVER new builds will begin construction in May 2021 and March 2022, respectively, with their FCDs ten months apart.


Primary Equipment Installation Completed at Fuqing Unit 5

As the third RCP motor was successfully installed earlier this month, Fuqing Unit 5 has finished the installation stage. The subsequent milestone, the beginning of cold testing, will be initiated on schedule.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/28 - 02/01

Second Steam Generator Installed at Fuqing Unit 6

On the afternoon of January 30th, the second steam generator of Fuqing Unit 6, an HPR1000 demonstration unit, was successfully installed. The installation took ten days from when the steam generator was pulled onto the 16.5m platform inside the reactor building on January 20th. The achieved milestone paves the way for welding the primary piping of the secondary coolant system.  


Reactor Internals Installed at K2

Karachi Unit 2, the HPR1000 reactor in Pakistan, had its reactor internals installed on January 28th (local time), 35 days ahead of schedule. The next milestone will be reached after completing cold testing.


CNNC Signs Contract with Rosatom on Tianwan Units 7&8 Purchase

On January 31st, the CNNP board of directors announced that a contract had been signed with ASE (Joint Stock Company Atomstroyexport, a key foreign trade engineering company of Rosatom) on the purchase of two VVER-1200/V491 reactors for Tianwan Units 7&8, with a total price of USD 1.702 billion. According to the contract, the new builds will each have a rated power output of 3212MWt and a design life of 60 years. Unit 8’s FCD will be 10 months later than Unit 7’s, with construction of a single unit expected to last 65 months. The reference reactor for these new builds is Unit 1 of the Leningrad NPP phase II project, which started commercial operation in October 2018. ASE will design the nuclear islands as well as supply 14 sets of primary equipment, including the RPVs, steam generators, RCPs, primary pipes, etc. The Chinese side will administrate the design, construction, and equipment supply of the conventional islands and BOP. The planned FCDs for the two units are May 2021 and March 2022 respectively.