Nicobar Group

China Energy Delivered

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 04/15 -04/19

SPIC’s Nuclear Heating Demonstration Project Passes Initial Feasibility Examination

The initial feasibility examination for SPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project in Baishan City of Jilin Province was conducted during April 15 – 17.  The expert panel found the Initial Feasibility Report acceptable, moving the project ahead into the phase of feasibility research. The demonstration project is developed by Jilin Nuclear Power Company, a subsidiary of SPIC, and the initial feasibility research was initiated since October 2018.


Primary Helium Fan of World’s First HTGR Delivered

On April 16th, the primary helium fan of the world’s first HTGR passes the delivery inspection at Shidaowan, Shandong Province, the site of the Gen IV reactor. Harbin Electric successfully developed the fan with proprietary property rights and its subsidiary Jiamusi Electric Motor Company manufactured the equipment set. The primary equipment of a Gen IV nuclear demonstration project is an equivalent of the RCP in a pressurized-water reactor, transferring the heat away from the reactor core.


Fuqing Unit 5 Ready for Cold Commissioning

Field engineers and technicians finished all the pre-commissioning installation on the midnight of April 20th – pretightening of primary bolts, installation of reactor internals and flow-induced vibration (FIV) sensors, as well as the RPV capping. Completion of the reactor’s installation phase is the last milestone before cold commissioning.


Yangjiang Unit 6 Passes Comprehensive Examination Before Issuing of Operation Permit

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has recently released the Comprehensive Examination Report of Yangjiang Unit 6’s prior to issuing its operations permit. According to the report, the NNSA inspected Yangjiang Nuclear Power Company, owner of the nuclear unit, from April 1st – 4th and found that all the nuclear safety-related activities are under control. Yangjiang Unit 6 finished loaded commissioning on February 23rd and it’s expected to begin commercial operation in the second half of this year.  



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 04/06 -04/12

Progress of HPR1000 Demonstration Project

Third Motor of Fuqing Unit 5’s RCP Finishes Coasting Test – On the evening of April 8th, no-load commissioning of all three RCP motors finished as the third motor completed its coasting test. The tasks were accomplished ahead of schedule, which lays a solid foundation for cold testing.

Commissioning Program Permitted by NNSA – The NNSA recently released a notice, stating Fuqing NPP’s application for review of its commissioning program for of Fuqing Units 5&6 was received. The NNSA has found the commissioning program to be acceptable, thus approving the application. The NPP must adhere strictly to the program during commissioning and report to the NNSA and the Eastern Regional Office of Nuclear and Radiation Safety Inspection Center if any major abnormity.


NNSA Issues Operation Permits for Taishan Units 1&2

The NNSA issued operation permits for Taishan Units 1&2, allowing forty years of operation of the two EPR units. In addition to regular terms and clauses, the Permits specifically indicate that Taishan Nuclear JV is obligated to develop an effective online inspection method for the RPV heads ASAP and submit it for NNSA’s review. Should the NPP operator fail to develop such method, or an unfavorable result is shown from future inspection, the RPV heads would not be allowed to operate after the end of April 2025. The special requirement is a response to the unsolved issue of carbon content in the RPV heads exceeding the standard amount.


Cooperative Development Agreement Signed in Baotou City for Nuclear Heating Project

Last month, the Cooperative Development Agreement on Nuclear Heating Project and Application of Nuclear Technology in Baotou City was signed between the Administration Committee of Baotou Equipment Manufacturing Industry Park and Qidi Xinhe (Beijing) Energy Technology Company. The developer also signed a procurement MOU with CNNC Northern Nuclear Fuel Element Company for future supply of nuclear fuel. According to the framework agreement, the concerned parties will establish a Baotou City Nuclear Heating Project Holding Company to build a pool-style low-temperature reactor in the city to meet the heating demand of the Industry Park and beyond.


Contract Signed for Joint Development of CFR600 Fast Reactor Key Equipment

The China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) has recently signed a contract with Dongfang Electric for joint construction design and equipment procurement of the four major heat exchangers of the DRF600 demonstration fast reactor. The agreement signifies the completion of the development of the heat exchangers and the project is now in the phase of construction designing for the key equipment.

The CFR600 project uses the Gen IV sodium-cooled fast neutron breeding technology and the demo project has been jointly developed by Dongfang Electric and CIAE since 2010. Other than the development of heat exchangers, the equipment manufacturer also holds a supply contract for its steam generator.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 04/01 -04/05

China Nuclear Ramping Up Construction of New Builds

On April 1st, the 2019 Spring International Summit of the China Nuclear Energy Sustainable Development Forum was held in Beijing. “China will keep developing nuclear power while safety is assured, and new projects will begin construction successively this year”, said Mr. Liu Hua, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) and Administrator of the National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA), during the summit. Industry insiders believe that eight new builds will secure their approval this year, namely Zhangzhou Units 1&2 and Huizhou/Taipingling Units 1&2 (using the reactor design of HPR1000), as well as two VVERs at Xudapu NPP and two more at Tianwan NPP. Some are also looking for the CAP1400 demonstration project to have its FCD announced in the near future. The four HPR1000 new builds already had their FCDs announced in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports from the MEE, which will be officially confirmed after the NNSA grants their Permits of Construction.

The nuclear units under construction are also progressing well, according to Mr. Yu Jianfeng, Director of the China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA) and President of CNNC. The four CNNC HPR1000 units under construction, namely Fuqing Units 5&6, together with K2 and K3 in Pakistan, will begin operation on schedule or ahead of schedule. Yu also said that the High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) demonstration project in Shidaowan, Rongcheng City, Shandong Province, is currently undergoing the last few steps of commissioning and will begin operation in the early half of next year.


Taishan Unit 2 Reaching First Fuel-loading Soon

According to Mr. Liu Haijun, Vice GM of Taishan Nuclear Joint Venture Company, Taishan Unit 2, the second EPR unit in China, will load its fuel for the first time this month. The unit is projected to begin operation this summer.


Installation of ST Begins at Fuqing Unit 6

On the evening of April 1st, the bearing housing of Fuqing Unit 6’s steam turbine was successfully installed. The milestone accomplished means that the conventional island’s installation phase is now in full swing and paves the way for installation of the turbine itself.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/25 -03/29

Progress on HPR1000 Units

CNNC has confirmed recently that the control rod drive mechanisms (CRDM) have been delivered for Fuqing Unit 6 and Karachi Unit 3. At the moment, all four of CNNC’s under construction HPR1000 units, namely Fuqing Units 5&6, Karachi Units 2&3, have their CRDMs prepared.

Following the successful attachment of the upper half of the CI turbine’s medium-high pressure cylinder on March 11th, the low-pressure cylinder underwent the same process and had its upper half buckled last Tuesday. The milestone reached on March 26th means that all three cylinders of the CI turbine are now well installed at Fuqing Unit 5.  

Five days later, on March 31st, power backfeed was successfully achieved through Fuqing Unit 5’s primary transformer. The milestone secures the power source for the incoming commissioning and subsequent work.


China and France Committed to Continue Cooperation in Alternative Energy

During Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to France from March 24-26th, a series of deals were signed on strategic industries, including civil nuclear projects. On March 25th, a cooperation agreement was signed between the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA). The agreement is a 13th edition renewal of the cooperative agreement initiated more than 30 years ago. On the following day, a MOU was signed by CGN and EDF to further their cooperation on multiples areas, including solar and offshore wind projects.

In addition to the deals signed, French President Macron specifically mentioned the project to build China’s first reprocessing plant. According to Macron, “the dynamic” of the reprocessing project had been accelerated.


On-Grid Tariffs for Imported Gen III Units Released

The NDRC released its Notice on Tentative On-Grid Tariff of the First Batch of Gen III Nuclear Projects earlier today. The commission has decided that the on-grid tariffs (tax included) for Taishan Phase I, Sanmen Phase I, and Haiyang Phase I are CNY 0.4350 per kWh, CNY 0.4203 per kWh, and CNY 0.4151 per kWh. The tentative prices will expire at the end of 2021. The notice refers back to its 2013 rule of the benchmark on-grid tariff for Gen II nuclear power plants, which was set at CNY 0.43 per kWh, and the principle of supporting Gen III demonstration projects by allowing flexibility for higher prices. The released tentative prices, according to the Notice, also reflects the willingness to subsidize the demonstration projects of respective provincial government.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/18 -03/22

HPR1000 New Builds Approved to be Built at Taipingling NPP in June

On March 18th, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment published the results of the Environmental Impact Assessment for the Taipingling Phase I NPP, which will feature 2 HPR1000 units. According to the report, Taipingling Unit 1 is planned to have its FCD in June 2019, with Unit 2’s FCD following ten months later. Following the two HPR1000 new builds approved for Zhangzhou Units 1&2 last month, these are the third and fourth nuclear new builds to receive approval for 2019. The total investment for Taipingling is about CNY 41.2 billion, approximately the same as that of Zhangzhou’s.

Four CNNC Nuclear Units Achieve Perfect Score for 2018 Performance

WANO has recently released their annual operation performance scores for nuclear power units around the world in 2018. Four CNNC units, namely Units 1&2 at Fangjiashan NPP (Qinshan Phase II Extension Project), Unit 4 at Qinshan Second NPP, and Tianwan Unit 2, were assigned a score of 100 and a first-place ranking.

Changjiang SMR Demonstration Project Planned to Begin Construction in December

CNNC has recently published a Second Notice on the Environmental Impact Assessment of Changjiang SMR Demonstration Project. The publication notes that the project will feature an ACP100 unit and its auxiliary facilities. The planned capacity for the unit is 125 MWe with thermal output power at 385 MWt. The SMR project is scheduled to have its FCD on December 31st, 2019 but the official date is still subject to the MEE’s approval. CNNC also projects that the project will take 65 months to build and the expected date for commercial operation is May 31st, 2025. One of the key objectives of the project is to explore the integrated utilization of nuclear power for electricity, heating, and air conditioning applications.

Self-developed Fuel Assembly Passes Post-Test Inspection

The CF3 fuel assembly, CNNC’s self-developed nuclear fuel, has recently completed irradiation testing at Unit 2 of Qinshan Phase II. The post-test examination shows that the fuel assembly performed well and meets the requirements to supply Gen III nuclear power units. This achievement paves a solid foundation for China’s own Gen III reactor design, HPR1000, to “go out”, as well as the international ambitions of China’s nuclear fuel industry.

Ex-core Nuclear Instrumentation Detectors for HPR1000 Successfully Developed

The locally developed ex-core nuclear instrumentation system for Fuqing Unit 5, the world’s first HPR1000 project, has recently passed receipt inspection. It is the first time for CNNC to deliver this technology based on fully proprietary intellectual property. It is another milestone on the path of localization of key Gen III civil nuclear technologies.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/11 -03/16

Reactor Pressure Vessel Installed at Tianwan Unit 6

On March 14th, Tianwan Unit 6’s reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was successfully installed. This milestone achieved paves the way for subsequent work of the installation stage, for example, primary piping welding and installation of reactor internals. The RPV has a net weight of 257 tons and a height of 10 meters. The installation process was witnessed by representatives from Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company, NPIC, CNPE, and CNNC Consulting Corporation. Northern China Regional Office of the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center inspected the whole process on site. At this time, Tianwan Phase III Project is progressing well. The primary piping wielding has been completed for Unit 5 and it’s projected to begin commercial operation by the end of 2021.

High-Pressure Steam Turbine for World’s First Hualong One Reactor Installed

After working for 12 hours through the night, the 130-ton upper half of the high-pressure cylinder was finally buckled into place at 7:10am on March 11 at Fuqing Unit 5, the site of the world’s first Hualong One reactor.  This milestone paves the way for subsequent work such as installation of the steam turbine barring and hot testing.

The conventional island of the Fuqing 5 reactor includes an impulse condenser-style half-speed turbine with a single shaft, three cylinders (two low pressure, one medium-high pressure, and quadruple steam exhausts. Over one hundred subcomponents were reinstalled, tested, and calibrated during the 7-day installation, and all required parameters were met.

Ling’ao Unit 4 Completes Outage and Reconnects to the Grid

At 9:41pm on March, Ling’ao NPP Unit 4 completed its 7th outage and was reconnected to the grid. The outage work was undertaken by the Northeast No.1 Electric Power Construction, a subsidiary of the China Energy Engineering Group (CEEC).

This outage was different from previous outages. The SAP system has been overhauled to use the AS FOUND functional module. Automated management of the work was implemented, while working through the holiday of the Chinese New Year. The staff of Northeast No.1 Electric Power Construction completed the work with zero incidents and zero violations, completing the safety management objectives and making this a very good outage, with all indicators controlled.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 03/04 - 03/09

NPIC Signs Contract for Nuclear Heating Demonstration Project in Jilin Province

On February 27th, a contract signing ceremony was held forNPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project was held in Baishan city, Jilin Province. The demonstration project will meet the local heating demand for an area over 80 million square meters. Mr. Wei Suo, GM of NPIC, said that the demonstration project is an important step in the implementation of  NPIC’s strategy to transform from “nuclear electricity generator” to a “nuclear energy generator”; as well as to implement the central government’s mandate to develop clean heating systems in Northern China. The ceremony was attended by NPIC executives, provincial leaders of Jilin Province and municipal leaders of Baishan city.

Installation of CI’s Electrical System Progressing Well at K2

On March 3rd, Jiangsu No.3 Electric Power Construction Company, a CEEC subsidiary, began installing the main transformer and the 500 kV gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) at K2’s conventional island. At the moment, the installation of the CI’s electrical systems is progressing well at K2 and the project is scheduled to be completed on July 30th, 2019.


China Nuclear Advocates at Two Sessions: Appeal for More FCD Approvals for HPR1000 New Builds, Resuming Inland Projects, and Others

In early March, the Chinese government held its most important two meetings of the year: the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress (CPPCC) and the National People’s Congress (NPC), also known as the Two Sessions. Advocates and representatives from the nuclear industry attended the meetings and submitted their policy recommendations on relevant issues and topics. On March 8th, 8 CNNC attendants shared their appeals at a press conference. Mr. Liu Wei, GM of CNPC, suggested that China should start building 8 nuclear new builds each year before 2030, so that the whole industry would develop in a sustainable and profitable way. Fuqing Unit 5, CNNC’s demo project of the self-designed HPR1000 unit, is progressing well and is scheduled to start cold testing in April. Liu said that the market is mature and ready to break ground on additional HPR1000 units, thus calling for faster approval of more FCDs. Other CNNC representatives and executives also shared their policy recommendations and opinion on issues including resuming inland projects, promoting medical appliances of nuclear technology, and support for the local nuclear industry “Going out” to international markets.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/23 - 03/03

Secondary Coolant System Cleaning Completed at Fuqing Unit 5

Cleaning of Fuqing Unit 5’s secondary coolant system (secondary circuit) was completed on Saturday evening, March 3rd, 2019. The cleaning involves an open-circuit flushing phase and a closed-circuit flushing phase, both aiming to clean the secondary coolant water pipes in the conventional and nuclear islands. Field engineers and technicians spent three days and two nights on the task. The milestone paves the way for subsequent work like joint hydraulic testing of the secondary coolant system and cold test.


Primary Pipe Wielding Finished at K3, 7 Months Ahead of Schedule

On March 2nd (local time), the primary pipe wielding of Karachi Unit 3, the HPR1000 in Pakistan, was completed seven months ahead of schedule. The wielding is part of the “pre-introduction” method, which means that the primary equipment – RPV, steam generator, and primary pipe – is installed before the attachment of the dome. Given the lessons learned from the same type of work done at K2, the wielding process was able to be shortened by 41 days for K3. At this point, all parts of primary equipment have been installed inside the reactor building.


First Steam Generator and Generator Stator in Place at Tianwan Unit 6

On the morning of February 24th, the generator stator of Tianwan Unit 6 was lifted onto the 8.5m platform inside the conventional island. This secondary milestone was reached 19 days ahead of schedule and lays the foundation for subsequent work of installation.  

On the following day, Unit 6’s first steam generator was delivered to site and hoisted onto the 20m platform inside the reactor building. After the SG was seated on the platform at 6:47 P.M., the installation of Unit 6’s primary equipment was then formally initiated.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/16 - 02/24

First FCD since 2017: Zhangzhou NPP Plans to Begin Construction on June 30th

CNNP released the Notice on Environmental Impacts During Construction Phase of Units 1&2 at Zhangzhou NPP in Fujian Province last Thursday. According to this document, the planned FCD of Unit 1 will be June 30th, 2019 with Unit 2 to begin construction ten months later. The two new builds will start commercial operation, ideally, in June 2024 and April 2025, respectively. Originally designated as AP1000s, the reactor designs were recently permitted to be switched to HPR1000, along with the two approved new builds at Huizhou NPP. The notice also reveals some technical specifications of the new builds: the NSSS has a rated thermal power output of 3190MWt and a normal electrical power output of 1212MWe; the reactors will have a refueling cycle of 18 months and a design life of 60 years. As no FCD took place in the past year, Zhangzhou Unit 1 will be the first new build since the end of 2017, when China’s first Gen IV fast reactor poured its first barrel of concrete in Xiapu, Fujian Province.


WANO Passes Plan to Establish the New Regional Center in Shanghai

On Feb. 21st, 2019 (local time in South Africa), the membership of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) voted to establish a new Branch Office and Support Centre in Shanghai, China. The Shanghai Centre will be the fifth regional center in additional to the original ones in Atlanta, Paris, Moscow, and Tokyo. WANO also has a branch office in London. “WANO’s strategic move will make it easier for WANO to provide its full range of services to operators located in world’s fastest growing region for commercial nuclear power.” said WANO’s press release on the following day.   


Fuqing Unit 6’s Third Steam Generator in Place

On Feb. 19th, 2019, Fuqing Unit 6’s third steam generator was successfully placed inside the containment building and was ready to be installed. The subsequent step following its installation will be welding of the primary piping. This milestone was reached on schedule.


Fuqing Unit 5 Begins Nuclear Circuit Cleaning (NCC)

On the afternoon of Sunday, Feb. 24th, as its accumulator’s isolation valve was turned on, water was flushed into the pressure vessel from the primary pipe and Fuqing Unit 5 entered the stage of nuclear circuit cleaning (NCC). Completion of NCC ensures the structural integrity and tightness of the primary piping, paving the way for subsequent work like hydraulic testing.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/11 - 02/15

Pre-service Inspection Initiated for Tianwan Unit 5

Engineers working at Tianwan Unit 5 have recently begun working on the pre-service inspection as the construction phase reaches completion. The inspection contains 46 categories involving almost 2500 pieces of equipment and components within the unit. The whole process will last one year and is divided into three stages, including the installation stage, cold testing stage, and post-hot testing stage. Unlike other M310-based units, the pre-service inspection for Tianwan Units 5&6 will be conducted by the owner of the project, Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company.


Environmental Impact Assessment for Tianwan Units 7&8 Released

On February 15th, the Lianyungang Municipal Government released the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Tianwan NPP’s Units 7&8, part of their Feasibility Study and a milestone of the pre-construction stage. The two VVER new builds will begin construction in May 2021 and March 2022, respectively, with their FCDs ten months apart.


Primary Equipment Installation Completed at Fuqing Unit 5

As the third RCP motor was successfully installed earlier this month, Fuqing Unit 5 has finished the installation stage. The subsequent milestone, the beginning of cold testing, will be initiated on schedule.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/28 - 02/01

Second Steam Generator Installed at Fuqing Unit 6

On the afternoon of January 30th, the second steam generator of Fuqing Unit 6, an HPR1000 demonstration unit, was successfully installed. The installation took ten days from when the steam generator was pulled onto the 16.5m platform inside the reactor building on January 20th. The achieved milestone paves the way for welding the primary piping of the secondary coolant system.  


Reactor Internals Installed at K2

Karachi Unit 2, the HPR1000 reactor in Pakistan, had its reactor internals installed on January 28th (local time), 35 days ahead of schedule. The next milestone will be reached after completing cold testing.


CNNC Signs Contract with Rosatom on Tianwan Units 7&8 Purchase

On January 31st, the CNNP board of directors announced that a contract had been signed with ASE (Joint Stock Company Atomstroyexport, a key foreign trade engineering company of Rosatom) on the purchase of two VVER-1200/V491 reactors for Tianwan Units 7&8, with a total price of USD 1.702 billion. According to the contract, the new builds will each have a rated power output of 3212MWt and a design life of 60 years. Unit 8’s FCD will be 10 months later than Unit 7’s, with construction of a single unit expected to last 65 months. The reference reactor for these new builds is Unit 1 of the Leningrad NPP phase II project, which started commercial operation in October 2018. ASE will design the nuclear islands as well as supply 14 sets of primary equipment, including the RPVs, steam generators, RCPs, primary pipes, etc. The Chinese side will administrate the design, construction, and equipment supply of the conventional islands and BOP. The planned FCDs for the two units are May 2021 and March 2022 respectively.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/19 - 01/25

Installation Progress at Fuqing Unit 5

On January 24th, the bearings for Fuqing Unit 5’s first RCP motor were assembled, inspected, and lifted onto the 16.5m platform within the containment building. The reactor coolant pump is the driving force of the reactor’s primary coolant circuit, thus driving the removal of core heat. This milestone will now be followed by subsequent work like position adjustment and installation of components like the auxiliary system, oil flushing equipment, etc.


Tianwan Unit 4 Receives Provisional Acceptance Certificate

On the afternoon of January 22nd, Mr. Zhang Yi, Vice GM of Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company, owner of Tianwan NPP, signed the Provisional Acceptance Certificate (PAC) for Tianwan Unit 4. The PAC signing ceremony was witnessed together by other participants of the project, including representatives from the China Nuclear Power Engineering Company (CNPE), designer and EPC of the conventional island and balance of plant. Tianwan Unit 4 uses the Russian VVER-1000/428 reactor design, which will be the same model used for Tianwan Units 7&8. Zhang Yi also said that Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company will continue its cooperation with CNPE on construction work for future reactors.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/12 - 01/18

CNNC & CGN Each Applying to Build Two More HPR1000 Units

CNNC is now applying for units 1&2 of its Zhangzhou NPP project to use the HPR1000 reactor design, while CGN is doing the same for its Taipingling NPP project. The new reactor design being used will be different from those of the demonstration units in Fangchenggang and Fuqing, as it will be the integrated version of CGN and CNNC’s respective HPR1000 designs. Industry insiders believe that 4-6 planned NPP units may receive approval for construction in the near future, though the process will still be prolonged for some time.


Pressurizer of Pakistan’s Karachi Unit 2 Installed

On January 10, 2019, the pressurizer of Karachi Unit 2 (K2), a Chinese-constructed HPR1000 unit, was successfully installed. The pressurizer weighs 104 tons and has a height of 13.8 meters. It was hoisted from the ground at 9:37 a.m. (local time) and was set into place at 4:58 p.m. At this point, K2 is in its installation phase and all of its major milestones have been reached on time or ahead of time.


Hongyanhe Unit 5 Finishes Primary Equipment Installation

According to Mr. Yan Shu, representative for Hongyanhe NPP, Unit 5 has finished installation of its primary equipment in the nuclear island and is now proceeding to install the security system and ancillary system. Hongyanhe 5 uses a Chinese 2G+ ACPR1000 reactor design.


SPIC Holds Conference To Discuss Two Designs for Nuclear Heating Project

From January 10 to 11, SPIC held a project promotion meeting at SNERDI for its nuclear heating demonstration project. Two designs of the demo project, an integrated multi-functional heating reactor and the HAPPY200 reactor design were discussed and compared. Initial findings showed that the two designs have quite different features and different technical or economic advantages. A final plan has not yet been chosen and the conference concluded that both plans need to be further developed and tailored towards market demands. The planned nuclear heating project is expected to be built in Heilongjiang Province.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/05 - 01/11

Haiyang Unit 2 Begins Commercial Operation

On the afternoon of January 9th, the AP1000 at Haiyang Unit 2 completed 168 consecutive hours of operation at full power to fulfil the definition of having formally begun commercial operation. It is also the first Chinese nuclear power unit to reach this primary milestone in the year of 2019 and becomes the 46th operational unit. With its 1025 MWe of power added, China’s installed nuclear power capacity now exceeds 45 MWe. Haiyang Unit 2 is the fourth AP1000 to begin operation in the world, and the last unit from the first batch of Chinese AP1000 construction begun in 2008/2009.


Progress of HPR1000 Units Under Construction:

Fuqing Unit 5 – On January 5th, the third set of hydraulic equipment for Fuqing Unit 5’s RCP was transferred to the nuclear island. This last piece of equipment comprises the last piece of the RCP’s components, which accounted for more than 150 boxes that have been delivered to site. With this, construction of Fuqing Unit 5’s NI now proceeds to the installation stage.

Fuqing Unit 6 – On the afternoon of January 12th, the first steam generator of Fuqing Unit 6 was successfully installed, paving the way for subsequent work, like primary pipe welding. The steam generator took about twenty days to install since it was first pulled into onto the 16.5 m high platform of the reactor building on December 23rd, 2018.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 12/24 - 01/04

Zero FCDs in 2018 and Outlook for 2019

In the end, the year 2018 witnessed zero new FCDs for Chinese nuclear new builds.

In December 2018, the Shidaowan CAP1400 project was greenlighted to begin construction, but the nuclear island’s first barrel of safety-related concrete has yet to be poured. The latest information indicates that construction will begin soon (but no official date has been publicized). With the first wave of AP1000 units except Haiyang Unit 2 all in commercial operation, preparation for further approved AP1000 sites is under way. Sanmen Units 3&4, Haiyang Units 3&4, Xudapu Units 1&2, and Lufeng Units 1&2, all pre-approved for AP1000 reactor design, will likely proceed to the construction stage in 2019.

Nicobar note: As long as US nuclear technology exports to CGN are restricted, CGN’s AP1000 at Lufeng faces an uncertain future, a point not mentioned in the source news article.


Qinghai Province Plans for Inland Nuclear Project

On December 29th, the Qinghai provincial government released its National Clean Energy Demonstration Province Development Plan (2018-2020), stating that early stage work on NPP site surveys as well as nuclear heating projects will be promoted. This Plan also mentions specifically that site surveys will take place in the Golmud and Delingha areas, with feasibility reports on NPP and nuclear heating projects to hopefully be concluded by the end of 2020. Following Gansu’s plan to build a 2MW capacity NPP announced in October 2018, Qinghai is the second northwestern Chinese province to make a bid for civil nuclear projects. This is also seen as a sign that China is reviving its inland NPP projects.


Progress of NPPs Under Construction

Fuqing Unit 6’s first steam generator was lifted onto the containment building’s 16.5m platform on December 23rd.

Hongyanhe Unit 6 began its primary pipe welding on December 15th and has now entered the nuclear island installation phase.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 12/10 - 12/14

Taishan Unit 1 Begins Commercial Operation

On the afternoon of December 13th, Taishan Unit 1, the world’s first EPR unit, fulfilled the 168-hour demonstration operation period and all relevant requirements, thus formally beginning commercial operation. With a rated output of 1.75 MWe, it is now also the largest nuclear power unit in the world. Previously, the Gen III French design was connected to the grid on June 29th and was reported to reach full power operation in Q3 2018.


Progress of NPPs Under Construction:

Fuqing Unit 6’s RPV was installed on December 10th.

Tianwan Unit 5’s moisture separator reheater (MSR) was shipped to the site from Guangzhou on the same day.


CNNC Invests HKD 1.5 Billion in Taihai Manoir

Taihai Manoir Nuclear Equipment Company has released an announcement, stating that its parent company, Taihai Group, signed a capital investment agreement with CNNC, on December 10th, whereby CNNC will invest HKD 1.5 billion through its subsidiary in HK. CNNC will hold 48.19% of Taihai Manoir’s shares.


CIAE Signs MOU & Cooperation Agreement with PSI & CERN Respectively

On December 6th and 7th, CNNC President Yu Jianfeng and CIAE President Wang Delin visited Switzerland. During the trip, the Chinese delegates went to the Paul Scherre Institute (PSI) and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). The CIAE signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the PSI and an ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) Cooperation Implementation Agreement with CERN.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 12/03 - 12/07

“R&D of CAP1400’s RPV” Key Project Completed & Accepted by the NEA  

On December 4th, Research & Development of CAP1400’s Reactor Pressure Vessel, part of the CAP1400 National Key Research Project, was completed  and accepted by the NEA. The expert review panel consisted of 16 experts invited by the NEA  from the China Machinery Industry Federation (CMIF), China General Machinery Industry Association, Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), the Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC), State Nuclear Power Engineering Company (SNPEC), etc. The panel concluded that the project meets the requirements from the contract, fulfills the standards of inspection, and has justifiable budgetary expenses.

The project was initiated in January 2013, taking four and a half years to complete. Its accomplishments include a successful design of the RPV, localization of key manufacturing technologies for critical forgings, etc. the project thus paves the way for building a CAP1400 with proprietary intellectual property rights. 


Progress of NPPs Under Construction

Hongyanghe Unit 6’s RPV has been recently installed and it is projected to begin commercial operation in 2021.  

The full scope simulator for Tianwan Units 5&6 passed pre-shipping inspection, 124 days ahead of schedule.


Jiamusi City Selected as the Site of SPIC’s Demonstration Nuclear Heating Project

SNERDI held a conference regarding the inspection for site selection of SPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project on November 28–30th, during which the  suitability of the proposed site at Jiamusi city, Heilongjiang Province was discussed and reviewed by a panel of experts. The panel consisted of ten members from the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, China Earthquake Administration, China International Engineering Consulting Corporation (CIECC), SNERDI, and China Energy Engineering Corporation (CEEC). More than seventy representatives from other relevant participating parties attended, including the Development and Reform Commission of Heilongjiang Province, SPIC, Jiamusi Municipal Government, etc. The panel concluded that the proposal passed the requirements, thus becoming the  first milestone of the demonstration project. Provincial and local leaders said during the conference that the project would receive full support from relevant government branches.


China Life Insurance Company Invests CNY 8 Billion in SPIC Subsidiary

On December 4th, China Life Insurance Company signed a debt-for-equity swap and capital investment agreement in Beijing with China Power Investment Nuclear Company, a subsidiary of the former China Power Investment Corporation, now SPIC. The investment is implemented under recently issued State Council policies, including the Guiding Opinion on Supporting the of Insurance Industry to the Real Economy from the China Insurance Regulatory Commission, and Opinion on Steadily and Proactively De-leveraging of Enterprises and Guiding Opinion on Marketized Banks’ Debt-for-Equity Swap from the State Council.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 11/24 - 11/30

Progress on HPR1000 Demonstration Projects

On November 28th, Fuqing Unit 6’s reactor pressure vessel was successfully installed.

One day later, the RPV for CGN’s Fangchenggang Unit 3, the reference reactor for Britain’s HPR1000 project, Bradwell B NPP, also completed its manufacture in Dalian. The manufacturer is the Nuclear Power and Petro-chemical Business Group, a subsidiary of China First Heavy Industries (CHFI).


SPIC Signs Framework Agreement for Strategic Cooperation with Tecnatom

On November 28th, SPIC’s Chairman Qian Zhimin signed a framework agreement for strategic cooperation with Tecnatom’s General Manager Javier Guerra in Madrid, Spain. According to the agreement, the two parties will cooperate in the fields of nuclear power, conventional power market, renewables, third-party market development, and more. Forms of cooperation may include technical exchanges and training sessions. The company leaders signed the agreement while being witnessed by Chinese President Xi Jinping and Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez.


MEE Releases Opinion on the CAP1400 Demonstration Project’s Environmental Impact Assessment  

On November 23rd, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment released its draft opinion on the CAP1400 demonstration project’s environmental impact assessment. The draft opinion is now public and concerned parties may request a hearing within 5 business days, until November 29th.

The MEE statement is one of the final steps prior to a FCD. The draft opinion will become official after the disclosure. Although no update has been released as of press time, the process should proceed soon given the standard wording used in the draft opinion.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 11/19 - 11/23

Chinese Nuclear New Builds Schedule May Not Meet NEA’s 2018 Target

The year of 2018 was set to witness 6-8 FCDs for nuclear new builds, according to the NEA’s 2018 Energy Work Guiding Opinion, which was a comprehensive official directive setting targets of the year for China’s development in the energy sector issued back in March. As it is now already the end of November, the outlook for meeting this original target is bleak. There have been reports about the green light for the CAP1400 demonstration project to begin construction, but a first concrete date has not been formally announced.  Various sites for projects in the pipeline like Xudapu, Zhangzhou, and Sanmen Phase II are prepared for civil construction but are also still waiting for official approval to pour concrete. Due to the recent U.S. DOE’s tightening of nuclear technology and equipment export policies to China and the outright ban of most kinds of engagement with CGN, the plan to deploy more AP1000s may be under discussion and subject to revision, which would delay further FCD announcements.


Multiple Media Articles Discuss Nuclear Heating in Northern China

In the past few months, various Chinese media articles have come out discussing the technology and theory of nuclear heating, as well as it history of development, mostly promoting the application of a low-temperature nuclear heating pool-type reactor design currently under development by the CNNC. It is believed to be a signal that Chinese government is strongly considering the deployment of nuclear heating reactors.

Bad haze is afflicting China again this winter as general municipal heating demands ramp up in Northern China. The efforts to substitute coal heating with natural gas heating have not seen strong execution since last winter. Rural residents are facing higher heating fees, delayed installment of gas pipes and supply shortages of natural gas. Nuclear heating may be a way around the unenviable paradox of choosing between affordable heating and clear skies. According to earlier reports, CGN has already obtained a permit to build a demonstration project with Tsinghua University and CNNC has repeatedly voiced its readiness for the deployment of such reactors as well.


CNNC Subsidiary Issues Green Bonds for Development in the Renewable Industry

On the morning of November 19th, Xinhua Hydro Power Co., Ltd., a CNNC subsidiary, issued CNY 1 billion (USD 143 million) worth of green bonds at the Shanghai Stock Exchange. It is the first time that a Chinese energy SOE issues public green bonds, which will finance the development, construction, and operation of renewable energy projects, i.e., wind, hydro, solar and biomass power plants.

Xinhua Hydro Power Company was created by CNNC through share merger transaction in 2014. It is now CNNC’s spearhead to develop its non-nuclear clean energy business.



Fuqing Unit 6 Begins Equipment Installation

On the evening of November 19th, Fuqing Unit 6, the second unit of CNNC’s HPR1000 demonstration project, finished pouring concrete for its NI dome. With this milestone reached, Unit 6’s civil construction phase has completed and it therefore enters the subsequent step of equipment installation. 


CNNC Successfully Manufactures Self-Developed Uranium Enrichment Centrifuge

On November 19th, the first batch of CNNC’s self-developed commercial uranium enrichment centrifuges were successfully manufactured, which concludes its R&D phase for such indigenous products. This milestone also shows that this model can be used for extensive commercial deployment and improve China’s output of enriched uranium.


CGN Mining Company Takes Over China Uranium Development Company

CGN Mining Company Limited released an announcement on November 16th that it had signed an agreement with its sister company China Uranium Development Company (CUDC) on a takeover of the selling party with a price of USD 8.5538 million. The HK-listed CUDC is a subsidiary of CGNPC Uranium Resources Company, a Beijing company. CUDC serves as the parent company’s trade platform for natural uranium resources.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 11/09 - 11/16

Multiple New CNNC NPP Sites Ready to Begin Construction

On November 15th, CNNC held a press conference honoring the 40th anniversary of its implementation of the Reform and Opening-up Policy. Yu Jianfeng, President of CNNC, reviewed the development of Chinese nuclear industry, where CNNC has played a leading role, over the past 40 years and discussed its future goals. “CNNC is now capable of building more than ten nuclear power units a year,” said Yu Jianfeng. He also told the public that multiple new sites are fully prepared to begin construction.  


UK HPR1000 Enters GDA Phase III

On November 15th (London time), the United Kingdom’s Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) and the Environment Agency (EA) released statements, announcing that they have completed Phase 2 of the design inspection of the UK HPR1000. At this stage, the regulatory authorities have not found any fundamental safety, security or environmental issues in the reactor design, which gives the HPR1000 the green light to the next step. The EA’s conclusion stated: “[t]he annual impact of radiation from the UK HPR1000 on people is likely to be below the UK public radiological dose limit and the constraint for any new source[1].”

The UK HPR1000’s GDA was requested by CGN and EDF through their British JV, General Nuclear System Ltd (GNS) and the process was initiated in January 2017. Going forward, more detailed information will be required to carry out further assessment and “there is still a considerable amount of work that will need to be undertaken by GNS...[2]” the ONR concluded.


Bill Gates Visits the China Energy Investment Corporation

On November 8th, Bill Gates paid a quick visit to CEIC, the Chinese state-owned energy and coal mining conglomerate. As the founder and chairman of TerraPower, Gates discussed the development of Gen IV nuclear power technology with his Chinese counterpart and the two sides agree to continuously pursue the promotion and application of the technology. He also received a certificate of membership as a Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering from Li Xiaohong, head of the institute.


CGN Issuing CNY 2 Billion Worth of 3-year Bonds to Increase Liquidity

On November 9th, CGN released information about its plan to issue a public bond offering. The bonds will be worth no more than CNY 2 billion (USD 300M) and have a 3-year maturity period. The financing will be used to increase the company’s liquidity as well as repay interest on other company debts. Publicly available information shows that CGN’s assets and revenue have grown rapidly in recent years.


Yangjiang Unit 6 Finishes Cold Testing, Projected to Begin Commercial Operation in the Second Half of 2019  

Tianwan Phase IV Expected to Pour NI’s First Concrete in 2021

Sputnik, the Russian state-owned news agency, reported on November 12th that Tianwan NPP’s Phase IV project will start in 2021. A Rosatom manager told Sputnik that Tianwan Unit 7 should have its FCD in 2021.

In June 2018, China signed a framework agreement with the Russian government to procure more VVER units as part of the Phase IV project for Tianwan NPP. Previously, China imported four units of VVER variations at the Tianwan site. Unit 4 was just connected to the external transmission grid last month on October 27th. 


[1] The ONR, 15 November, 2018.

[2] Ibid.