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China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup - 03/11 -03/16

Reactor Pressure Vessel Installed at Tianwan Unit 6

On March 14th, Tianwan Unit 6’s reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was successfully installed. This milestone achieved paves the way for subsequent work of the installation stage, for example, primary piping welding and installation of reactor internals. The RPV has a net weight of 257 tons and a height of 10 meters. The installation process was witnessed by representatives from Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company, NPIC, CNPE, and CNNC Consulting Corporation. Northern China Regional Office of the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center inspected the whole process on site. At this time, Tianwan Phase III Project is progressing well. The primary piping wielding has been completed for Unit 5 and it’s projected to begin commercial operation by the end of 2021.

High-Pressure Steam Turbine for World’s First Hualong One Reactor Installed

After working for 12 hours through the night, the 130-ton upper half of the high-pressure cylinder was finally buckled into place at 7:10am on March 11 at Fuqing Unit 5, the site of the world’s first Hualong One reactor.  This milestone paves the way for subsequent work such as installation of the steam turbine barring and hot testing.

The conventional island of the Fuqing 5 reactor includes an impulse condenser-style half-speed turbine with a single shaft, three cylinders (two low pressure, one medium-high pressure, and quadruple steam exhausts. Over one hundred subcomponents were reinstalled, tested, and calibrated during the 7-day installation, and all required parameters were met.

Ling’ao Unit 4 Completes Outage and Reconnects to the Grid

At 9:41pm on March, Ling’ao NPP Unit 4 completed its 7th outage and was reconnected to the grid. The outage work was undertaken by the Northeast No.1 Electric Power Construction, a subsidiary of the China Energy Engineering Group (CEEC).

This outage was different from previous outages. The SAP system has been overhauled to use the AS FOUND functional module. Automated management of the work was implemented, while working through the holiday of the Chinese New Year. The staff of Northeast No.1 Electric Power Construction completed the work with zero incidents and zero violations, completing the safety management objectives and making this a very good outage, with all indicators controlled.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 03/04 - 03/09

NPIC Signs Contract for Nuclear Heating Demonstration Project in Jilin Province

On February 27th, a contract signing ceremony was held forNPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project was held in Baishan city, Jilin Province. The demonstration project will meet the local heating demand for an area over 80 million square meters. Mr. Wei Suo, GM of NPIC, said that the demonstration project is an important step in the implementation of  NPIC’s strategy to transform from “nuclear electricity generator” to a “nuclear energy generator”; as well as to implement the central government’s mandate to develop clean heating systems in Northern China. The ceremony was attended by NPIC executives, provincial leaders of Jilin Province and municipal leaders of Baishan city.

Installation of CI’s Electrical System Progressing Well at K2

On March 3rd, Jiangsu No.3 Electric Power Construction Company, a CEEC subsidiary, began installing the main transformer and the 500 kV gas-insulated switchgear (GIS) at K2’s conventional island. At the moment, the installation of the CI’s electrical systems is progressing well at K2 and the project is scheduled to be completed on July 30th, 2019.


China Nuclear Advocates at Two Sessions: Appeal for More FCD Approvals for HPR1000 New Builds, Resuming Inland Projects, and Others

In early March, the Chinese government held its most important two meetings of the year: the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress (CPPCC) and the National People’s Congress (NPC), also known as the Two Sessions. Advocates and representatives from the nuclear industry attended the meetings and submitted their policy recommendations on relevant issues and topics. On March 8th, 8 CNNC attendants shared their appeals at a press conference. Mr. Liu Wei, GM of CNPC, suggested that China should start building 8 nuclear new builds each year before 2030, so that the whole industry would develop in a sustainable and profitable way. Fuqing Unit 5, CNNC’s demo project of the self-designed HPR1000 unit, is progressing well and is scheduled to start cold testing in April. Liu said that the market is mature and ready to break ground on additional HPR1000 units, thus calling for faster approval of more FCDs. Other CNNC representatives and executives also shared their policy recommendations and opinion on issues including resuming inland projects, promoting medical appliances of nuclear technology, and support for the local nuclear industry “Going out” to international markets.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/23 - 03/03

Secondary Coolant System Cleaning Completed at Fuqing Unit 5

Cleaning of Fuqing Unit 5’s secondary coolant system (secondary circuit) was completed on Saturday evening, March 3rd, 2019. The cleaning involves an open-circuit flushing phase and a closed-circuit flushing phase, both aiming to clean the secondary coolant water pipes in the conventional and nuclear islands. Field engineers and technicians spent three days and two nights on the task. The milestone paves the way for subsequent work like joint hydraulic testing of the secondary coolant system and cold test.


Primary Pipe Wielding Finished at K3, 7 Months Ahead of Schedule

On March 2nd (local time), the primary pipe wielding of Karachi Unit 3, the HPR1000 in Pakistan, was completed seven months ahead of schedule. The wielding is part of the “pre-introduction” method, which means that the primary equipment – RPV, steam generator, and primary pipe – is installed before the attachment of the dome. Given the lessons learned from the same type of work done at K2, the wielding process was able to be shortened by 41 days for K3. At this point, all parts of primary equipment have been installed inside the reactor building.


First Steam Generator and Generator Stator in Place at Tianwan Unit 6

On the morning of February 24th, the generator stator of Tianwan Unit 6 was lifted onto the 8.5m platform inside the conventional island. This secondary milestone was reached 19 days ahead of schedule and lays the foundation for subsequent work of installation.  

On the following day, Unit 6’s first steam generator was delivered to site and hoisted onto the 20m platform inside the reactor building. After the SG was seated on the platform at 6:47 P.M., the installation of Unit 6’s primary equipment was then formally initiated.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/16 - 02/24

First FCD since 2017: Zhangzhou NPP Plans to Begin Construction on June 30th

CNNP released the Notice on Environmental Impacts During Construction Phase of Units 1&2 at Zhangzhou NPP in Fujian Province last Thursday. According to this document, the planned FCD of Unit 1 will be June 30th, 2019 with Unit 2 to begin construction ten months later. The two new builds will start commercial operation, ideally, in June 2024 and April 2025, respectively. Originally designated as AP1000s, the reactor designs were recently permitted to be switched to HPR1000, along with the two approved new builds at Huizhou NPP. The notice also reveals some technical specifications of the new builds: the NSSS has a rated thermal power output of 3190MWt and a normal electrical power output of 1212MWe; the reactors will have a refueling cycle of 18 months and a design life of 60 years. As no FCD took place in the past year, Zhangzhou Unit 1 will be the first new build since the end of 2017, when China’s first Gen IV fast reactor poured its first barrel of concrete in Xiapu, Fujian Province.


WANO Passes Plan to Establish the New Regional Center in Shanghai

On Feb. 21st, 2019 (local time in South Africa), the membership of the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) voted to establish a new Branch Office and Support Centre in Shanghai, China. The Shanghai Centre will be the fifth regional center in additional to the original ones in Atlanta, Paris, Moscow, and Tokyo. WANO also has a branch office in London. “WANO’s strategic move will make it easier for WANO to provide its full range of services to operators located in world’s fastest growing region for commercial nuclear power.” said WANO’s press release on the following day.   


Fuqing Unit 6’s Third Steam Generator in Place

On Feb. 19th, 2019, Fuqing Unit 6’s third steam generator was successfully placed inside the containment building and was ready to be installed. The subsequent step following its installation will be welding of the primary piping. This milestone was reached on schedule.


Fuqing Unit 5 Begins Nuclear Circuit Cleaning (NCC)

On the afternoon of Sunday, Feb. 24th, as its accumulator’s isolation valve was turned on, water was flushed into the pressure vessel from the primary pipe and Fuqing Unit 5 entered the stage of nuclear circuit cleaning (NCC). Completion of NCC ensures the structural integrity and tightness of the primary piping, paving the way for subsequent work like hydraulic testing.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 02/11 - 02/15

Pre-service Inspection Initiated for Tianwan Unit 5

Engineers working at Tianwan Unit 5 have recently begun working on the pre-service inspection as the construction phase reaches completion. The inspection contains 46 categories involving almost 2500 pieces of equipment and components within the unit. The whole process will last one year and is divided into three stages, including the installation stage, cold testing stage, and post-hot testing stage. Unlike other M310-based units, the pre-service inspection for Tianwan Units 5&6 will be conducted by the owner of the project, Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company.


Environmental Impact Assessment for Tianwan Units 7&8 Released

On February 15th, the Lianyungang Municipal Government released the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Tianwan NPP’s Units 7&8, part of their Feasibility Study and a milestone of the pre-construction stage. The two VVER new builds will begin construction in May 2021 and March 2022, respectively, with their FCDs ten months apart.


Primary Equipment Installation Completed at Fuqing Unit 5

As the third RCP motor was successfully installed earlier this month, Fuqing Unit 5 has finished the installation stage. The subsequent milestone, the beginning of cold testing, will be initiated on schedule.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/28 - 02/01

Second Steam Generator Installed at Fuqing Unit 6

On the afternoon of January 30th, the second steam generator of Fuqing Unit 6, an HPR1000 demonstration unit, was successfully installed. The installation took ten days from when the steam generator was pulled onto the 16.5m platform inside the reactor building on January 20th. The achieved milestone paves the way for welding the primary piping of the secondary coolant system.  


Reactor Internals Installed at K2

Karachi Unit 2, the HPR1000 reactor in Pakistan, had its reactor internals installed on January 28th (local time), 35 days ahead of schedule. The next milestone will be reached after completing cold testing.


CNNC Signs Contract with Rosatom on Tianwan Units 7&8 Purchase

On January 31st, the CNNP board of directors announced that a contract had been signed with ASE (Joint Stock Company Atomstroyexport, a key foreign trade engineering company of Rosatom) on the purchase of two VVER-1200/V491 reactors for Tianwan Units 7&8, with a total price of USD 1.702 billion. According to the contract, the new builds will each have a rated power output of 3212MWt and a design life of 60 years. Unit 8’s FCD will be 10 months later than Unit 7’s, with construction of a single unit expected to last 65 months. The reference reactor for these new builds is Unit 1 of the Leningrad NPP phase II project, which started commercial operation in October 2018. ASE will design the nuclear islands as well as supply 14 sets of primary equipment, including the RPVs, steam generators, RCPs, primary pipes, etc. The Chinese side will administrate the design, construction, and equipment supply of the conventional islands and BOP. The planned FCDs for the two units are May 2021 and March 2022 respectively.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/19 - 01/25

Installation Progress at Fuqing Unit 5

On January 24th, the bearings for Fuqing Unit 5’s first RCP motor were assembled, inspected, and lifted onto the 16.5m platform within the containment building. The reactor coolant pump is the driving force of the reactor’s primary coolant circuit, thus driving the removal of core heat. This milestone will now be followed by subsequent work like position adjustment and installation of components like the auxiliary system, oil flushing equipment, etc.


Tianwan Unit 4 Receives Provisional Acceptance Certificate

On the afternoon of January 22nd, Mr. Zhang Yi, Vice GM of Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company, owner of Tianwan NPP, signed the Provisional Acceptance Certificate (PAC) for Tianwan Unit 4. The PAC signing ceremony was witnessed together by other participants of the project, including representatives from the China Nuclear Power Engineering Company (CNPE), designer and EPC of the conventional island and balance of plant. Tianwan Unit 4 uses the Russian VVER-1000/428 reactor design, which will be the same model used for Tianwan Units 7&8. Zhang Yi also said that Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company will continue its cooperation with CNPE on construction work for future reactors.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/12 - 01/18

CNNC & CGN Each Applying to Build Two More HPR1000 Units

CNNC is now applying for units 1&2 of its Zhangzhou NPP project to use the HPR1000 reactor design, while CGN is doing the same for its Taipingling NPP project. The new reactor design being used will be different from those of the demonstration units in Fangchenggang and Fuqing, as it will be the integrated version of CGN and CNNC’s respective HPR1000 designs. Industry insiders believe that 4-6 planned NPP units may receive approval for construction in the near future, though the process will still be prolonged for some time.


Pressurizer of Pakistan’s Karachi Unit 2 Installed

On January 10, 2019, the pressurizer of Karachi Unit 2 (K2), a Chinese-constructed HPR1000 unit, was successfully installed. The pressurizer weighs 104 tons and has a height of 13.8 meters. It was hoisted from the ground at 9:37 a.m. (local time) and was set into place at 4:58 p.m. At this point, K2 is in its installation phase and all of its major milestones have been reached on time or ahead of time.


Hongyanhe Unit 5 Finishes Primary Equipment Installation

According to Mr. Yan Shu, representative for Hongyanhe NPP, Unit 5 has finished installation of its primary equipment in the nuclear island and is now proceeding to install the security system and ancillary system. Hongyanhe 5 uses a Chinese 2G+ ACPR1000 reactor design.


SPIC Holds Conference To Discuss Two Designs for Nuclear Heating Project

From January 10 to 11, SPIC held a project promotion meeting at SNERDI for its nuclear heating demonstration project. Two designs of the demo project, an integrated multi-functional heating reactor and the HAPPY200 reactor design were discussed and compared. Initial findings showed that the two designs have quite different features and different technical or economic advantages. A final plan has not yet been chosen and the conference concluded that both plans need to be further developed and tailored towards market demands. The planned nuclear heating project is expected to be built in Heilongjiang Province.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 01/05 - 01/11

Haiyang Unit 2 Begins Commercial Operation

On the afternoon of January 9th, the AP1000 at Haiyang Unit 2 completed 168 consecutive hours of operation at full power to fulfil the definition of having formally begun commercial operation. It is also the first Chinese nuclear power unit to reach this primary milestone in the year of 2019 and becomes the 46th operational unit. With its 1025 MWe of power added, China’s installed nuclear power capacity now exceeds 45 MWe. Haiyang Unit 2 is the fourth AP1000 to begin operation in the world, and the last unit from the first batch of Chinese AP1000 construction begun in 2008/2009.


Progress of HPR1000 Units Under Construction:

Fuqing Unit 5 – On January 5th, the third set of hydraulic equipment for Fuqing Unit 5’s RCP was transferred to the nuclear island. This last piece of equipment comprises the last piece of the RCP’s components, which accounted for more than 150 boxes that have been delivered to site. With this, construction of Fuqing Unit 5’s NI now proceeds to the installation stage.

Fuqing Unit 6 – On the afternoon of January 12th, the first steam generator of Fuqing Unit 6 was successfully installed, paving the way for subsequent work, like primary pipe welding. The steam generator took about twenty days to install since it was first pulled into onto the 16.5 m high platform of the reactor building on December 23rd, 2018.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 12/24 - 01/04

Zero FCDs in 2018 and Outlook for 2019

In the end, the year 2018 witnessed zero new FCDs for Chinese nuclear new builds.

In December 2018, the Shidaowan CAP1400 project was greenlighted to begin construction, but the nuclear island’s first barrel of safety-related concrete has yet to be poured. The latest information indicates that construction will begin soon (but no official date has been publicized). With the first wave of AP1000 units except Haiyang Unit 2 all in commercial operation, preparation for further approved AP1000 sites is under way. Sanmen Units 3&4, Haiyang Units 3&4, Xudapu Units 1&2, and Lufeng Units 1&2, all pre-approved for AP1000 reactor design, will likely proceed to the construction stage in 2019.

Nicobar note: As long as US nuclear technology exports to CGN are restricted, CGN’s AP1000 at Lufeng faces an uncertain future, a point not mentioned in the source news article.


Qinghai Province Plans for Inland Nuclear Project

On December 29th, the Qinghai provincial government released its National Clean Energy Demonstration Province Development Plan (2018-2020), stating that early stage work on NPP site surveys as well as nuclear heating projects will be promoted. This Plan also mentions specifically that site surveys will take place in the Golmud and Delingha areas, with feasibility reports on NPP and nuclear heating projects to hopefully be concluded by the end of 2020. Following Gansu’s plan to build a 2MW capacity NPP announced in October 2018, Qinghai is the second northwestern Chinese province to make a bid for civil nuclear projects. This is also seen as a sign that China is reviving its inland NPP projects.


Progress of NPPs Under Construction

Fuqing Unit 6’s first steam generator was lifted onto the containment building’s 16.5m platform on December 23rd.

Hongyanhe Unit 6 began its primary pipe welding on December 15th and has now entered the nuclear island installation phase.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 12/10 - 12/14

Taishan Unit 1 Begins Commercial Operation

On the afternoon of December 13th, Taishan Unit 1, the world’s first EPR unit, fulfilled the 168-hour demonstration operation period and all relevant requirements, thus formally beginning commercial operation. With a rated output of 1.75 MWe, it is now also the largest nuclear power unit in the world. Previously, the Gen III French design was connected to the grid on June 29th and was reported to reach full power operation in Q3 2018.


Progress of NPPs Under Construction:

Fuqing Unit 6’s RPV was installed on December 10th.

Tianwan Unit 5’s moisture separator reheater (MSR) was shipped to the site from Guangzhou on the same day.


CNNC Invests HKD 1.5 Billion in Taihai Manoir

Taihai Manoir Nuclear Equipment Company has released an announcement, stating that its parent company, Taihai Group, signed a capital investment agreement with CNNC, on December 10th, whereby CNNC will invest HKD 1.5 billion through its subsidiary in HK. CNNC will hold 48.19% of Taihai Manoir’s shares.


CIAE Signs MOU & Cooperation Agreement with PSI & CERN Respectively

On December 6th and 7th, CNNC President Yu Jianfeng and CIAE President Wang Delin visited Switzerland. During the trip, the Chinese delegates went to the Paul Scherre Institute (PSI) and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). The CIAE signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the PSI and an ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) Cooperation Implementation Agreement with CERN.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 12/03 - 12/07

“R&D of CAP1400’s RPV” Key Project Completed & Accepted by the NEA  

On December 4th, Research & Development of CAP1400’s Reactor Pressure Vessel, part of the CAP1400 National Key Research Project, was completed  and accepted by the NEA. The expert review panel consisted of 16 experts invited by the NEA  from the China Machinery Industry Federation (CMIF), China General Machinery Industry Association, Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), the Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC), State Nuclear Power Engineering Company (SNPEC), etc. The panel concluded that the project meets the requirements from the contract, fulfills the standards of inspection, and has justifiable budgetary expenses.

The project was initiated in January 2013, taking four and a half years to complete. Its accomplishments include a successful design of the RPV, localization of key manufacturing technologies for critical forgings, etc. the project thus paves the way for building a CAP1400 with proprietary intellectual property rights. 


Progress of NPPs Under Construction

Hongyanghe Unit 6’s RPV has been recently installed and it is projected to begin commercial operation in 2021.  

The full scope simulator for Tianwan Units 5&6 passed pre-shipping inspection, 124 days ahead of schedule.


Jiamusi City Selected as the Site of SPIC’s Demonstration Nuclear Heating Project

SNERDI held a conference regarding the inspection for site selection of SPIC’s demonstration nuclear heating project on November 28–30th, during which the  suitability of the proposed site at Jiamusi city, Heilongjiang Province was discussed and reviewed by a panel of experts. The panel consisted of ten members from the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, China Earthquake Administration, China International Engineering Consulting Corporation (CIECC), SNERDI, and China Energy Engineering Corporation (CEEC). More than seventy representatives from other relevant participating parties attended, including the Development and Reform Commission of Heilongjiang Province, SPIC, Jiamusi Municipal Government, etc. The panel concluded that the proposal passed the requirements, thus becoming the  first milestone of the demonstration project. Provincial and local leaders said during the conference that the project would receive full support from relevant government branches.


China Life Insurance Company Invests CNY 8 Billion in SPIC Subsidiary

On December 4th, China Life Insurance Company signed a debt-for-equity swap and capital investment agreement in Beijing with China Power Investment Nuclear Company, a subsidiary of the former China Power Investment Corporation, now SPIC. The investment is implemented under recently issued State Council policies, including the Guiding Opinion on Supporting the of Insurance Industry to the Real Economy from the China Insurance Regulatory Commission, and Opinion on Steadily and Proactively De-leveraging of Enterprises and Guiding Opinion on Marketized Banks’ Debt-for-Equity Swap from the State Council.


China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 11/24 - 11/30

Progress on HPR1000 Demonstration Projects

On November 28th, Fuqing Unit 6’s reactor pressure vessel was successfully installed.

One day later, the RPV for CGN’s Fangchenggang Unit 3, the reference reactor for Britain’s HPR1000 project, Bradwell B NPP, also completed its manufacture in Dalian. The manufacturer is the Nuclear Power and Petro-chemical Business Group, a subsidiary of China First Heavy Industries (CHFI).


SPIC Signs Framework Agreement for Strategic Cooperation with Tecnatom

On November 28th, SPIC’s Chairman Qian Zhimin signed a framework agreement for strategic cooperation with Tecnatom’s General Manager Javier Guerra in Madrid, Spain. According to the agreement, the two parties will cooperate in the fields of nuclear power, conventional power market, renewables, third-party market development, and more. Forms of cooperation may include technical exchanges and training sessions. The company leaders signed the agreement while being witnessed by Chinese President Xi Jinping and Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez.


MEE Releases Opinion on the CAP1400 Demonstration Project’s Environmental Impact Assessment  

On November 23rd, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment released its draft opinion on the CAP1400 demonstration project’s environmental impact assessment. The draft opinion is now public and concerned parties may request a hearing within 5 business days, until November 29th.

The MEE statement is one of the final steps prior to a FCD. The draft opinion will become official after the disclosure. Although no update has been released as of press time, the process should proceed soon given the standard wording used in the draft opinion.



China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 11/19 - 11/23

Chinese Nuclear New Builds Schedule May Not Meet NEA’s 2018 Target

The year of 2018 was set to witness 6-8 FCDs for nuclear new builds, according to the NEA’s 2018 Energy Work Guiding Opinion, which was a comprehensive official directive setting targets of the year for China’s development in the energy sector issued back in March. As it is now already the end of November, the outlook for meeting this original target is bleak. There have been reports about the green light for the CAP1400 demonstration project to begin construction, but a first concrete date has not been formally announced.  Various sites for projects in the pipeline like Xudapu, Zhangzhou, and Sanmen Phase II are prepared for civil construction but are also still waiting for official approval to pour concrete. Due to the recent U.S. DOE’s tightening of nuclear technology and equipment export policies to China and the outright ban of most kinds of engagement with CGN, the plan to deploy more AP1000s may be under discussion and subject to revision, which would delay further FCD announcements.


Multiple Media Articles Discuss Nuclear Heating in Northern China

In the past few months, various Chinese media articles have come out discussing the technology and theory of nuclear heating, as well as it history of development, mostly promoting the application of a low-temperature nuclear heating pool-type reactor design currently under development by the CNNC. It is believed to be a signal that Chinese government is strongly considering the deployment of nuclear heating reactors.

Bad haze is afflicting China again this winter as general municipal heating demands ramp up in Northern China. The efforts to substitute coal heating with natural gas heating have not seen strong execution since last winter. Rural residents are facing higher heating fees, delayed installment of gas pipes and supply shortages of natural gas. Nuclear heating may be a way around the unenviable paradox of choosing between affordable heating and clear skies. According to earlier reports, CGN has already obtained a permit to build a demonstration project with Tsinghua University and CNNC has repeatedly voiced its readiness for the deployment of such reactors as well.


CNNC Subsidiary Issues Green Bonds for Development in the Renewable Industry

On the morning of November 19th, Xinhua Hydro Power Co., Ltd., a CNNC subsidiary, issued CNY 1 billion (USD 143 million) worth of green bonds at the Shanghai Stock Exchange. It is the first time that a Chinese energy SOE issues public green bonds, which will finance the development, construction, and operation of renewable energy projects, i.e., wind, hydro, solar and biomass power plants.

Xinhua Hydro Power Company was created by CNNC through share merger transaction in 2014. It is now CNNC’s spearhead to develop its non-nuclear clean energy business.



Fuqing Unit 6 Begins Equipment Installation

On the evening of November 19th, Fuqing Unit 6, the second unit of CNNC’s HPR1000 demonstration project, finished pouring concrete for its NI dome. With this milestone reached, Unit 6’s civil construction phase has completed and it therefore enters the subsequent step of equipment installation. 


CNNC Successfully Manufactures Self-Developed Uranium Enrichment Centrifuge

On November 19th, the first batch of CNNC’s self-developed commercial uranium enrichment centrifuges were successfully manufactured, which concludes its R&D phase for such indigenous products. This milestone also shows that this model can be used for extensive commercial deployment and improve China’s output of enriched uranium.


CGN Mining Company Takes Over China Uranium Development Company

CGN Mining Company Limited released an announcement on November 16th that it had signed an agreement with its sister company China Uranium Development Company (CUDC) on a takeover of the selling party with a price of USD 8.5538 million. The HK-listed CUDC is a subsidiary of CGNPC Uranium Resources Company, a Beijing company. CUDC serves as the parent company’s trade platform for natural uranium resources.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 11/09 - 11/16

Multiple New CNNC NPP Sites Ready to Begin Construction

On November 15th, CNNC held a press conference honoring the 40th anniversary of its implementation of the Reform and Opening-up Policy. Yu Jianfeng, President of CNNC, reviewed the development of Chinese nuclear industry, where CNNC has played a leading role, over the past 40 years and discussed its future goals. “CNNC is now capable of building more than ten nuclear power units a year,” said Yu Jianfeng. He also told the public that multiple new sites are fully prepared to begin construction.  


UK HPR1000 Enters GDA Phase III

On November 15th (London time), the United Kingdom’s Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR) and the Environment Agency (EA) released statements, announcing that they have completed Phase 2 of the design inspection of the UK HPR1000. At this stage, the regulatory authorities have not found any fundamental safety, security or environmental issues in the reactor design, which gives the HPR1000 the green light to the next step. The EA’s conclusion stated: “[t]he annual impact of radiation from the UK HPR1000 on people is likely to be below the UK public radiological dose limit and the constraint for any new source[1].”

The UK HPR1000’s GDA was requested by CGN and EDF through their British JV, General Nuclear System Ltd (GNS) and the process was initiated in January 2017. Going forward, more detailed information will be required to carry out further assessment and “there is still a considerable amount of work that will need to be undertaken by GNS...[2]” the ONR concluded.


Bill Gates Visits the China Energy Investment Corporation

On November 8th, Bill Gates paid a quick visit to CEIC, the Chinese state-owned energy and coal mining conglomerate. As the founder and chairman of TerraPower, Gates discussed the development of Gen IV nuclear power technology with his Chinese counterpart and the two sides agree to continuously pursue the promotion and application of the technology. He also received a certificate of membership as a Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering from Li Xiaohong, head of the institute.


CGN Issuing CNY 2 Billion Worth of 3-year Bonds to Increase Liquidity

On November 9th, CGN released information about its plan to issue a public bond offering. The bonds will be worth no more than CNY 2 billion (USD 300M) and have a 3-year maturity period. The financing will be used to increase the company’s liquidity as well as repay interest on other company debts. Publicly available information shows that CGN’s assets and revenue have grown rapidly in recent years.


Yangjiang Unit 6 Finishes Cold Testing, Projected to Begin Commercial Operation in the Second Half of 2019  

Tianwan Phase IV Expected to Pour NI’s First Concrete in 2021

Sputnik, the Russian state-owned news agency, reported on November 12th that Tianwan NPP’s Phase IV project will start in 2021. A Rosatom manager told Sputnik that Tianwan Unit 7 should have its FCD in 2021.

In June 2018, China signed a framework agreement with the Russian government to procure more VVER units as part of the Phase IV project for Tianwan NPP. Previously, China imported four units of VVER variations at the Tianwan site. Unit 4 was just connected to the external transmission grid last month on October 27th. 


[1] The ONR, 15 November, 2018.

[2] Ibid.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 10/29 - 11/09

CAP1400 Demonstration Project Allowed to Begin Construction

On November 2nd, 2018, the CAP1400 demonstration project at Shidaowan, Shandong Province, received permission to start construction. It has been almost three years since the last construction permissions were granted to Gen III units, namely the HPR1000 units at Fangchenggang NPP and the VVER unit at Tianwan NPP, on December 16, 2015. The CAP1400 unit will also be the first Gen III unit to pour its nuclear island’s first barrel of concrete during the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan (13th FYP).


Sanmen Unit 2 Begins Commercial Operation

On the evening of November 5th, Sanmen Unit 2 fulfilled the requirement of 168 consecutive hours of operation at full-power to begin commercial operation. It becomes the CNNC’s 20th operational nuclear power unit and the world’s third operational AP1000 unit.

Tianwan Unit 4 Connects to the External Grid

On the morning of October 27th, Tianwan Unit 4 was successfully connected to the external grid and began supply electricity. It is projected to begin commercial operation either at the end of this year or early 2019.


Fuqing Unit 5 Projected to Begin Commercial Operation in 2020

China’s first HPR1000 unit, Fuqing Unit 5, could begin commercial operation in 2020, said Xu Ligen, Chairman of the CNNP Fuqing Fujian Nuclear Power Company on November 5th. The CNNC’s HPR1000 pilot project had its first concrete poured in 2015 and has progressed smoothly so far. Primary milestones are reached either on time or ahead of schedule. At the moment, both Units 5&6 are in their installation phases.


China to Build a Floating SMR in Shandong Province, Projected to Operate in 2021

Ye Qizhen, Fellow at the Chinese Academy of Engineering Science, during the 2018 Nuclear Power Industry Summit stated that China is going to build its first floating NPP in Yantai, Shandong Province. Public available information shows that the pre-construction work began this year and is projected to begin operating in 2021. According to Ye, the floating NPP will be equipped with a Small Modular Reactor, “the ACP 100 design developed by the CNNC – a 125 MWe unit,” which has features ensuring very high safety standards.


The World’s First HTGR’s Steam Generator Shipped to Site

On October 31st, the world’s first HTGR steam generator passed pre-shipping inspection in Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province. The inspection was witnessed by representatives from the CNNC, Tsinghua University, Huaneng Group, and Harbin Electric.


Joint Chinese-Ukrainian Company Set Up to Run Business of Nuclear Facility Decommissioning and Spent Fuel Management

The Sino-Ukrainian Xianchu Nuclear Technology Company was recently founded with headquarters in the Free Economic Zone of Qingdao, Shandong Province. The company is the first ever JV between enterprise from the two countries and will pioneer new decommissioning technologies for nuclear facilities, as well as spent fuel management technologies in China.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 10/22 - 10/27

Tianwan Unit 6’s Primary Piping Passes Pre-shipping Inspection

On October 18th, Tianwan Unit 6’s primary piping passed pre-shipping inspection in Yantai, Shandong Province. The primary equipment was manufactured by Taihai Manoir Nuclear Equipment Company and the inspection panel was led by experts from Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC) and Jiangsu Nuclear Power Company.


Haiyang Unit 1 Begins Commercial Operation

On October 22nd, Haiyang Unit 1 in Shandong Province reached 168 hours of full-power operation. All systems and equipment were confirmed to be functioning steadily and hence the unit satisfies the requirements for commercial operation. Haiyang Unit 1 is also the first ever nuclear power unit in Shandong Province.


Yangjiang Unit 6 Begins Cold Testing

On October 23rd, equipment installation was completed for Yangjiang Unit 6’s nuclear island, thus releasing the plant to begin its commissioning phase, starting with cold testing.


CNNC Seeks Cooperation with Germany, Belgium, and Switzerland

A Chinese nuclear industry trade delegation, led by Mr. Zhang Jianhua, Vice Director of the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA), visited Europe in mid-October, meeting with their counterparts in Germany, Belgium, and Switzerland. The Vice GM of CNNC, Mr. He Zixing joined the trip, during which CNNC signed a joint statement of intent for cooperation with the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, seeking opportunities to work together on nuclear safety and radioactive waste management. In Belgium, the CAEA signed a MoU with the Federal Public Service Economy, SMEs, Middle Classes, and Energy (FPS Economy) on strengthening bilateral cooperation in civil use of nuclear energy.


Fangchenggang NPP’s Pressurizer Surge Line Delivered to Site 112 Days Ahead of Schedule

The surge line for the HPR1000 units at Fangchenggang NPP was delivered to site recently. The surge pipeline connects the reactor and the pressurizer, cushioning the thermal oscillation in the primary coolant system. Erzhong (Deyang) Heavy Equipment Company manufactured the equipment for CGN’s first HPR1000 NPP and delivered it 112 days ahead of schedule.


Sample Squib Valves for CAP1000 & CAP14000 Certified

On October 23rd, the China Machinery Industry Federation (CMI) and the China General Machinery Industry Association (CGMA) held a certification conference, for the inspection of the sample squib valves for CAP1000 and CAP1400 reactor design. The sample products (model types DN200, DN250, DN350, DN450) were developed and manufactured under the joint work of CNNC Sufa Technology Industry Company, SNERDI, and China International Battery Fair. The certification committee found the sample products satisfactory and certified the product types to be used in the CAP series reactors.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 10/13 - 10/19

Ningxia Autonomous Region Updates 13th FYP to Include Plan for Inland NPP

The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Development and Reform Commission (DRC) has recently updated its 13th Five-year Plan (FYP), adding site selection for an inland NPP to the to-do list. In the original fourth section of the 13th FYP, “Construction of the Innovative Integrated National Renewable Energy Pilot Zone”, a new sentence has been added:

According to the state’s inland nuclear power development policy, (Xingxia is going to) proactively promote site selection, evaluation, and preservation for nuclear power project.

Moreover, in the “13th FYP Renewable Energy Key Projects” table, a new project is listed as “SPIC Ningxia Nuclear Power Phase I Project, 2000 MWe installation.” As earlier inland nuclear power projects have all been paused since the 2011 Fukushima accident, the Ningxia update of its 13th FYP is seen as an important signal that China’s inland nuclear power projects will be reactivated.    


Project Progress of HPR1000 Units

·         K2 – on October 16th, Karachi Unit 2’s pressurizer passed the pre-shipping hydraulic testing. The pressurizer was designed by the Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC) and manufactured by Harbin Electric (Qinhuangdao) Heavy Industry Equipment Company.

·         Fuqing Unit 5 – on October 17th, Fuqing Unit 5’s reactor cavity pool finished the 15-day watertight seal testing and no leaking was detected, so the result was found to be satisfactory. The reactor cavity pool consists of refueling pool and reactor internals storage pool. The cavity pool is the primary location for storage of both the upper and lower sections of the reactor internals and installation of the pressure vessel.   

·         Fuqing Unit 6 – on October 16th, Fuqing Unit 6’s reactor pressure vessel was shipped from Dalian. The RPV was designed and procured by NPIC and manufactured by China First Heavy Industries (CFHI).  

·         Fangchenggang Unit 3 – on October 16th, Fangchenggang Unit 3’s deaerator, a key piece of equipment for the conventional island’s secondary regenerative cycle, was shipped from manufacturer DEC Dongfang Boiler Group in Deyang, Sichuan Province.


China Nuclear Engineering Consulting Corporation Holds Evaluation Conference for Zhangzhou NPP Units 3-6 Project Proposals

On October 12th, under subcontract by China National Nuclear Power Co., Ltd (CNNC), China Nuclear Engineering Consulting Corporation (CNECC) held an evaluation conference for proposals for the Zhangzhou Nuclear Plant Units 3-6 Project. Representatives and experts from Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, China Electric Power Planning & Engineering Institute, CNNC, CNPE, CNNC-Guodian Zhangzhou Energy Company attended the conference.


LEU Shipped from CIAE for Nigeria’s Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR) Conversion Project

On the morning of October 15th, low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel for Nigeria’s MNSR conversion project was shipped from China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). Following the successful completion of Ghana’s research reactor conversion, the Nigeria project is the second time China helps to convert a MNSR from high enriched uranium (HEU) to LEU. Both conversion cases are part of an international project supported by the IAEA to help decrease the proliferation risks associated with HEU fuel. The Nigeria project was initiated in September 2017. CIAE plays a key role in designing and processing LEU fuel, zero power test, transportation, field installation (Nigeria) and physical commissioning, etc. 


SEC-KSB: Confidence in Completing Sample Test for CAP1400’s Wet-winding Motor RCP by End of 2018

On the morning of October 12th, relevant NEA leadership made a site visit to SEC-KSB and were debriefed about development of the wet-winding motor pump for CAP1400. The company said that it is confident in completing the sample test for the RCP by end of this year.


Gu Jun and Li Dingcheng Resigned as Chairman and President of CNEC

Mr. Gu Jun and Mr. Li Dingcheng have recently resigned as China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation’s Chairman and President, respectively. On October 15th, Xu Xiaoming was appointed to become the new President.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 10/08 - 10/12

US DOE Announces New U.S. Policy Framework on Export of Nuclear Technology to China, Prohibiting Transfer of Technology to CGN and all exports related to Advanced Reactors

On October 11th, the US Department of Energy announced an updated Policy Framework on Civil Nuclear Cooperation with China, further restricting exports of technology, equipment and components in the civil nuclear industry to China. Based in concerns of U.S. technology being diverted to military use or used against U.S. national or economic security, the new policy prohibits exports of technology in four categories, namely light water SMRs, non-light water Gen IV technologies, any new technology transfer after Jan. 2018, as well as any business with CGN or its subsidiaries. All equipment and components related to the HPR1000 Chinese indigenous reactor design, and any non-AP1000-identical CAP1400 equipment will also be denied for export. Future assistance to AP1000 units and other identical parts for lineage units, CAP1000 and CAP1400, will be continued, but limited to projects belonging to CNNC and SPIC


Haiyang Unit 2 Connects to the External Power Grid

On October 13th, Haiyang Unit 2 was connected to the external power grid. The milestone was reached after nearly one month after Haiyang Unit 1’s grid connection. At this point, all four of China’s AP1000 units have been connected to the power grid.


Nur Bekri Removed from Head of NEA and Deputy Director of NDRC

On October 12th, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security released a notice stating that Nur Bekri, former Director of the National Energy Administration and Deputy Director of the National Development and Reform Commission has been removed from his position. Less than one month ago, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, CPC’s top anti-corruption agency, announced an official investigation on Bekri.


Sanmen Unit 1 Passes Provisional Acceptance Inspection

On Oct. 11th, Sanmen Unit 1 completed 700 hours of continuous operation and performance testing, thereby meeting the requirements for provisional acceptance. Sanmen Nuclear Power Company signed letters of acceptance respectively with Westinghouse Electric, State Nuclear Power Engineering Company, Harbin Electric & Mitsubishi Consortium, as well as Zhejiang Thermal Power Construction Company.

China Nuclear News Weekly Roundup – 09/17 - 10/08

Sanmen Unit 1 Began Commercial Operation on Sep. 21st

Sanmen Unit 1, the world’s first AP1000 unit, began commercial operation at 3:57 AM on September 21st. It passed the testing point of 168 hours of full-capacity operation and fulfilled the requirements for this milestone. Sanmen Unit 1 becomes the 19th operational nuclear power unit in China and increases CNNC’s installed nuclear capacity to 16716 MWe.


Tianwan Unit 4 Reaches First Criticality  

In the afternoon of September 30th, Tianwan Unit 4 reached its first criticality. Ten different physical tests will be carried out following the milestone so that ramp-up will occur safely. Five days later, on October 5th, the steam turbine had a successful first run at the speed of 1500rpm.


Progress of HPR1000 Units

Fuqing Unit 5 finished its pre-stressing work on September 25th, 8 days ahead of schedule; Fuqing Unit 6 has its primary piping shipped to site; Fangchenggang Unit 3’s RPV had a successful hydraulic testing on September 26th, paving the way for subsequent equipment installation.  


MEE: Two More HPR1000 Units Will Be Built at Ningde Units 5&6

On September 19th, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (former MEP) issued an official response to Ningde Nuclear Power Company’s Report on Ningde NPP Units 5&6’s Environmental Impact (site selection phase), formally announcing that the two new builds will be HPR1000 units. 


Steam Generators at Tianwan Unit 5 Installed

On September 27th, the third and last steam generator of Tianwan Unit 5 was successfully installed, lying a solid foundation for subsequent work such as pipe wielding.